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The :in-range CSS pseudo-class represents an <input> element whose current value is within the range limits specified by the min and max attributes.

/* Selects any <input>, but only when it has a range
   specified, and its value is inside that range */
input:in-range {
  background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.25);
}

This pseudo-class is useful for giving the user a visual indication that a field's current value is within the permitted limits.

Note: This pseudo-class only applies to elements that have (and can take) a range limitation. In the absence of such a limitation, the element can neither be "in-range" nor "out-of-range."

Syntax

:in-range

Example

HTML

<form action="" id="form1">
  <ul>Values between 1 and 10 are valid.
    <li>
      <input id="value1" name="value1" type="number" placeholder="1 to 10" min="1" max="10" value="12">
      <label for="value1">Your value is </label>
    </li>
  </ul>
</form>

CSS

li {
  list-style: none;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
}

input {
  border: 1px solid black;
}

input:in-range {
  background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.25);
}

input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
  border: 2px solid red;
}

input:in-range + label::after {
  content: 'okay.';
}

input:out-of-range + label::after {
  content: 'out of range!';
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':in-range' in that specification.
Living Standard Defines when :in-range matches elements in HTML.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':in-range' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial specification.

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support102 Yes293 No114 Yes5
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support2.31 ? Yes16 Yes4 Yes5 ?

1. Before version 52, :in-range matched disabled and read-only inputs (see Chromium bug 602568). In version 52, it was changed to only match enabled read-write inputs.

2. Before Chrome 52, :in-range matched disabled and read-only inputs (see Chromium bug 602568). In Chrome 52, it was changed to only match enabled read-write inputs.

3. Before Firefox 50, :in-range matched disabled and read-only inputs (see bug 1264157). In Firefox 50, it was changed to only match enabled read-write inputs.

4. Before Opera 39, :in-range matched disabled and read-only inputs (see Chromium bug 602568). In Opera 39, it was changed to only match enabled read-write inputs.

5. In Safari, :in-range matched disabled and read-only inputs (see bug 156530). It was later changed to only match enabled read-write inputs.

See also

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Zuletzt aktualisiert von: fscholz,