grid-template-areas

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Summary

The grid-template-areas CSS property specifies named grid areas.

Those areas are not associated with any particular grid item, but can be referenced from the grid-placement properties grid-row-start, grid-row-end, grid-column-start, grid-column-end, and their shorthands grid-row, grid-column, and grid-area.

Initial valuenone
Applies togrid containers
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
grid-template-areas: none;

/* <string> values */
grid-template-areas: "a b";
grid-template-areas: "a b b"
                     "a c d";

/* Global values */
grid-template-areas: inherit;
grid-template-areas: initial;
grid-template-areas: unset;

Values

none
The grid container doesn’t define any named grid areas.
<string>+
A row is created for every separate string listed, and a column is created for each cell in the string. Multiple named cell tokens within and between rows create a single named grid area that spans the corresponding grid cells. Unless those cells form a rectangle, the declaration is invalid.

Formal syntax

none | <string>+

Example

HTML

<section id="page">
  <header>Header</header>
  <nav>Navigation</nav>
  <main>Main area</main>
  <footer>Footer</footer>
</section>

CSS

#page {
  display: grid;
  width: 100%;
  height: 250px;
  grid-template-areas: "head head"
                       "nav  main"
                       "nav  foot";
  grid-template-rows: 50px 1fr 30px;
  grid-template-columns: 150px 1fr;
}

#page > header {
  grid-area: head;
  background-color: #8ca0ff;
}

#page > nav {
  grid-area: nav;
  background-color: #ffa08c;
}

#page > main {
  grid-area: main;
  background-color: #ffff64;
}

#page > footer {
  grid-area: foot;
  background-color: #8cffa0;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid-template-areas' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 57.0[1] No support[3] 52.0 (52.0)[2] No support[3] 44[4] No support[5]
Feature Android Webview Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 57.0[1] 57.0[1] 52.0 (52.0)[2] No support[3] 44 No support

[1] Implemented behind the experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Chrome 29.0.

[2] Implemented behind the preference layout.css.grid.enabled since Gecko 40.0 (Firefox 40.0 / Thunderbird 40.0 / SeaMonkey 2.37), defaulting to false. Since Gecko 52.0 (Firefox 52.0 / Thunderbird 52.0 / SeaMonkey 2.49) it is enabled by default.

[3] Internet Explorer and Edge implement an older version of the specification, which doesn't define this property.

[4] Implemented behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Opera 28.0.

[5] Experimental implementation available in Safari Technological Preview.

See also

Schlagwörter des Dokuments und Mitwirkende

Schlagwörter: 
 Mitwirkende an dieser Seite: jpmedley, rachelandrew, teoli, Sebastianz, rolfedh
 Zuletzt aktualisiert von: jpmedley,