grid-column-end

Dieser Artikel benötigt eine technische Überprüfung. So können Sie helfen.

Unsere Freiwilligen haben diesen Artikel noch nicht in Deutsch übersetzt. Machen Sie mit und helfen Sie, das zu erledigen!
Sie können den Artikel auch auf English (US) lesen.

This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

Summary

The grid-column-end CSS property specifies a grid item’s end position within the grid column by contributing a line, a span, or nothing (automatic) to its grid placement, thereby specifying the block-end edge of its grid area.

Initial valueauto
Applies togrid items and absolutely-positioned boxes whose containing block is a grid container
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* Keyword value */
grid-column-end: auto;

/* <custom-ident> values */
grid-column-end: somegridarea;

/* <integer> + <custom-ident> values */
grid-column-end: 2;
grid-column-end: somegridarea 4;

/* span + <integer> + <custom-ident> values */
grid-column-end: span 3;
grid-column-end: span somegridarea;
grid-column-end: 5 somegridarea span;

/* Global values */
grid-column-end: inherit;
grid-column-end: initial;
grid-column-end: unset;

Values

auto
Is a keyword indicating that the property contributes nothing to the grid item’s placement, indicating auto-placement, an automatic span, or a default span of 1.
<custom-ident>
If there is a named line with the name '<custom-ident>-end', it contributes the first such line to the grid item’s placement.

Note: Named grid areas automatically generate implicit named lines of this form, so specifying grid-column-end: foo; will choose the end edge of that named grid area (unless another line named foo-end was explicitly specified before it).

Otherwise, this is treated as if the integer 1 had been specified along with the <custom-ident>.

<integer> && <custom-ident>?
Contributes the nth grid line to the grid item’s placement. If a negative integer is given, it instead counts in reverse, starting from the end edge of the explicit grid.

If a name is given as a <custom-ident>, only lines with that name are counted. If not enough lines with that name exist, all implicit grid lines are assumed to have that name for the purpose of finding this position.

An <integer> value of 0 is invalid.

span && [ <integer> || <custom-ident> ]
Contributes a grid span to the grid item’s placement such that the column end edge of the grid item’s grid area is n lines from the start edge.

If a name is given as a <custom-ident>, only lines with that name are counted. If not enough lines with that name exist, all implicit grid lines on the side of the explicit grid corresponding to the search direction are assumed to have that name for the purpose of counting this span.

If the <integer> is omitted, it defaults to 1. Negative integers or 0 are invalid.

The <custom-ident> cannot take the span value.

Formal syntax

<grid-line>

where
<grid-line> = auto | <custom-ident> | [ <integer> && <custom-ident>? ] | [ span && [ <integer> || <custom-ident> ] ]

Example

HTML Content

<div id="grid">
  <div id="item1"></div>
  <div id="item2"></div>
  <div id="item3"></div>
</div>

CSS Content

#grid {
  display: grid;
  height: 100px;
  grid-template: repeat(4, 1fr) / 100px;
}

#item1 {
  background-color: lime;
  grid-column-end: span 2;
}

#item2 {
  background-color: yellow;
}

#item3 {
  background-color: blue;
}

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'grid-column-end' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Edge Opera Safari
Basic support 57.0[1] 52.0 (52.0)[2] 10.0-ms[3] 20-ms[3] No support[4] Nightly build-webkit
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support 52.0 (52.0)[2] 10.0-ms[3] No support No support

[1] Implemented behind the experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Chrome 29.0.

[2] Implemented behind the preference layout.css.grid.enabled since Gecko 40.0 (Firefox 40.0 / Thunderbird 40.0 / SeaMonkey 2.37), defaulting to false. Since Gecko 52.0 (Firefox 52.0 / Thunderbird 52.0 / SeaMonkey 2.49) it is enabled by default.

[3] Internet Explorer implements an older version of the specification, which only defines a grid-cell and a grid-column-span property and is using the -ms prefix. Therefore part of the property is implemented there as -ms-grid-cell and -ms-grid-column-span, respectively.

[4] Implemented behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Opera 28.0.

See also

Schlagwörter des Dokuments und Mitwirkende

Schlagwörter: 
 Mitwirkende an dieser Seite: Sebastianz, teoli, rolfedh
 Zuletzt aktualisiert von: Sebastianz,