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    text-orientation

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    This is an experimental technology
    Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for the proper prefixes to use in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the spec changes.

    The text-orientation CSS property defines the orientation of the text in a line. This property only has an effect in vertical mode, that is when writing-mode is not horizontal-tb. It is useful to control the display of writing in languages using vertical script, but also to deal with vertical table headers.

    • Initial value mixed
    • Applies to all elements, except table row groups, rows, column groups, and columns
    • Inherited yes
    • Media visual
    • Computed value as specified
    • Animatable no
    • Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

    Syntax

    /* Keyword values */
    text-orientation: mixed;
    text-orientation: upright;
    text-orientation: sideways-right;
    text-orientation: sideways-left;
    text-orientation: sideways;
    text-orientation: use-glyph-orientation;
    
    /* Global values */
    text-orientation: inherit;
    text-orientation: initial;
    text-orientation: unset;
    

    Values

    mixed
    This keyword leads to have characters for horizontal-only scripts being turned 90°, while the glyphs for vertical scripts are laid out naturally.
    upright
    This keyword leads to have characters for horizontal-only scripts to be laid out naturally (upright), as well as the glyphs for vertical scripts. Note that this keyword lead all characters to be considered as ltr: the used value of direction is ltr, whatever the user could try to set it to.
    sideways-right
    This keyword leads to have characters laid out like if they were laid out horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° to the right.
    sideways-left
    This keyword leads to have characters laid out like if they were laid out horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° to the left.
    sideways
    This keyword leads to have characters laid out like if they were laid out horizontally, but with the whole line rotated 90° to the right if writing-mode is vertical-rl or to the left, if it is vertical-lr.
    use-glyph-orientation
    On SVG elements, this keyword leads to use the value of the deprecated SVG properties glyph-orientation-vertical and glyph-orientation-horizontal.

    Formal syntax

    mixed | upright | sideways-right | sideways-left | sideways | use-glyph-orientation

    Examples

    .myText {
      writing-mode: vertical-rl;
      text-orientation: sideways-right;
    }  
    

    Specification

    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Writing Modes Module Level 3
    The definition of 'text-orientation' in that specification.
    Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
    Basic support Not supported 41 (41) Not supported Not supported Not supported
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support Not supported 41.0 (41) Not supported Not supported Not supported

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Contributors to this page: teoli, Sebastianz, gotchago
    Last updated by: Sebastianz,