translate3d()

The translate3d() CSS function repositions an element in 3D space. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

This transformation is characterized by a three-dimensional vector. Its coordinates define how much the element moves in each direction.

Syntax

translate3d(tx, ty, tz)

Values

tx

Is a <length> or <percentage> representing the abscissa of the translating vector.

ty

Is a <length> or <percentage> representing the ordinate of the translating vector.

tz

Is a <length> representing the z component of the translating vector. It can't be a <percentage> value; in that case the property containing the transform is considered invalid.

Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^3

This transformation applies to the 3D space and can't be represented on the plane.

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ^3 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix. 1 0 0 tx 0 1 0 ty 0 0 1 tz 0 0 0 1

Examples

Using a single axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  /* Equivalent to perspective(500px) translateX(10px) */
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 0px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Combining z-axis and x-axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 100px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
CSS Transforms Module Level 2 (CSS Transforms 2)
# funcdef-translate3d

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also