Standard built-in objects
The term "global objects" (or standard built-in objects) here is not to be confused with the global object. Here, "global objects" refer to objects in the global scope.
The global object itself can be accessed using the
this operator in the global scope. In fact, the global scope consists of the properties of the global object, including inherited properties, if any.
These global functions—functions which are called globally, rather than on an object—directly return their results to the caller.