This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

The Fetch API provides an interface for fetching resources (including across the network). It will seem familiar to anyone who has used XMLHttpRequest, but the new API provides a more powerful and flexible feature set.

Concepts and usage

Fetch provides a generic definition of Request and Response objects (and other things involved with network requests). This will allow them to be used wherever they are needed in the future, whether it’s for service workers, Cache API and other similar things that handle or modify requests and responses, or any kind of use case that might require you to generate your own responses programmatically.

It also provides a definition for related concepts such as CORS and the HTTP origin header semantics, supplanting their separate definitions elsewhere.

For making a request and fetching a resource, use the GlobalFetch.fetch method. It is implemented in multiple interfaces, specifically Window and WorkerGlobalScope. This makes it available in pretty much any context you might want to fetch resources in.

The fetch() method takes one mandatory argument, the path to the resource you want to fetch. It returns a promise that resolves to the Response to that request, whether it is successful or not. You can also optionally pass in an init options object as the second argument (see Request.)

Once a Response is retrieved, there are a number of methods available to define what the body content is and how it should be handled (see Body.)

You can create a request and response directly using the Request() and Response() constructors, but you are unlikely to do this directly. Instead, these are more likely to be created as results of other API actions (for example, FetchEvent.respondWith from service workers.)

Note: Find out more about using the Fetch API features in Using Fetch, and study concepts in Fetch basic concepts.

Fetch Interfaces

GlobalFetch
Contains the fetch() method used to fetch a resource.
Headers
Represents response/request headers, allowing you to query them and take different actions depending on the results.
Request
Represents a resource request.
Response
Represents the response to a request.

Fetch mixin

Body
Provides methods relating to the body of the response/request, allowing you to declare what its content type is and how it should be handled.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Fetch Living Standard Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) IE Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 42.0
 

14

39 (39)
34 behind pref
No support

29
28 behind pref

No support WebKit bug 151937
Streaming response body 43.0

14

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Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Firefox OS (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support No support 42.0 No support No support No support No support No support 42.0
Streaming response body No support 43.0

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43.0

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: oskarer,