Join MDN and developers like you at Mozilla's View Source conference, 12-14 September in Berlin, Germany. Learn more at https://viewsourceconf.org

Summary

The object-fit CSS property specifies how the contents of a replaced element should be fitted to the box established by its used height and width.

Initial valuefill
Applies toreplaced elements
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animatableno
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
object-fit: fill;
object-fit: contain;
object-fit: cover;
object-fit: none;
object-fit: scale-down;

/* Global values */
object-fit: inherit;
object-fit: initial;
object-fit: unset;

Values

fill
The replaced content is sized to fill the element’s content box: the object’s concrete object size is the element’s used width and height.
contain
The replaced content is sized to maintain its aspect ratio while fitting within the element’s content box: its concrete object size is resolved as a contain constraint against the element’s used width and height.
cover
The replaced content is sized to maintain its aspect ratio while filling the element’s entire content box: its concrete object size is resolved as a cover constraint against the element’s used width and height.
none
The replaced content is not resized to fit inside the element’s content box: the object’s concrete object size is determined using the default sizing algorithm with no specified size, and a default object size equal to the replaced element’s used width and height.
scale-down
The content is sized as if none or contain were specified, whichever would result in a smaller concrete object size.

Formal syntax

fill | contain | cover | none | scale-down

Example

HTML Content

<div>
  <h2>object-fit: fill</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="fill"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="fill narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: contain</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="contain"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="contain narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: cover</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="cover"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="cover narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: none</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="none"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="none narrow"/>

  <h2>object-fit: scale-down</h2>
  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="scale-down"/>

  <img src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/6457/mdn_logo_only_color.png" alt="MDN Logo" class="scale-down narrow"/>

</div>

CSS Content

h2 {
  font-family: Courier New, monospace;
  font-size: 1em;
  margin: 1em 0 0.3em;
}

div {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  flex-wrap: wrap;
  align-items: flex-start;
  height: 940px;
}

img {
  width: 150px;
  height: 100px;
  border: 1px solid #000;
}

.narrow {
  width: 100px;
  height: 150px;
  margin-top: 10px;
}

.fill {
  object-fit: fill;
}

.contain {
  object-fit: contain;
}

.cover {
  object-fit: cover;
}

.none {
  object-fit: none;
}

.scale-down {
  object-fit: scale-down;
}

Output

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Image Values and Replaced Content Module Level 4
The definition of 'object-fit' in that specification.
Working Draft The from-image and flip keywords have been added.
CSS Image Values and Replaced Content Module Level 3
The definition of 'object-fit' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 31.0 36 (36) No support 11.60-o
19.0
(Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 4.4.4 36 (36) No support 11.5-o
24
(Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: GreenGremlin, Sebastianz, fscholz, teoli, phistuck, stephaniehobson
 Last updated by: GreenGremlin,