top

Summary

The top CSS property specifies part of the position of positioned elements. It has no effect on non-positioned elements.

For absolutely positioned elements (those with position: absolute or position: fixed), it specifies the distance between the top margin edge of the element and the top edge of its containing block.

For relatively positioned elements (those with position: relative), it specifies the amount the element is moved below its normal position.

When both top and bottom are specified, the element position is over-constrained and the top property has precedence: the computed value of bottom is set to -top, while its specified value is ignored.

  • Initial value auto
  • Applies to positioned elements
  • Inherited no
  • Percentages refer to the height of the containing block
  • Media visual
  • Computed value if specified as a length, the corresponding absolute length; if specified as a percentage, the specified value; otherwise, auto
  • Animatable yes, as a length, percentage or calc(); when both values are lengths, they are interpolated as lengths; when both values are percentages, they are interpolated as percentages; otherwise, both values are converted into a calc() function that is the sum of a length and a percentage (each possibly zero), and these calc() functions have each half interpolated as real numbers.
  • Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

Formal syntax: <length> | <percentage> | auto
top: 3px         /* <length> values */
top: 2.4em

top: 10%         /* <percentages> of the height of the containing block */

top: auto

top: inherit

Values

<length>
Is a negative, null or positive <length> that represents:
  • for absolutely positioned elements, the distance to the top edge of the containing block;
  • for relatively positioned elements, the offset that the element is moved below its position in the normal flow if it wasn't positioned.
<percentage>
Is a <percentage> of the containing block's height, used as described in the summary.
auto
Is a keyword that represents:
  • for absolutely positioned elements, the position the element based on the bottom property and treat height: auto as a height based on the content.
  • for relatively positioned elements, the offset the element from its original position based on the bottom property, or if bottom is also auto, do not offset it at all.
inherit
Is a keyword indicating that the value is the same than the computed value from its parent element (which may not be its containing block). This computed value is then handled like it was a <length>, <percentage> or the auto keyword.

Examples

/* The body could be set using px unit also for the div to operate */
body{
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}

/* The div can now operate the settings with % unit (body w and h are set) */
div {
  position: absolute;
  left: 15%;
  top: 30%;
  bottom: 30%;
  width: 70%;
  height: 40%;
  text-align: left;
  border: 3px rgb(0,0,0) solid;
}
 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
 <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
           "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
 <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" lang="en" xml:lang="en">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="application/xhtml+xml" />
     <title>Mozilla.org height top left width percentage CSS</title>
     <style type="text/css">
       /* The body could be set using px unit also for the div to operate */
       body {
         width: 100%;
         height: 100%;
       }
       /* The div can now operate the settings with % unit (body w and h are set) */
       div {
         position: absolute;
         left: 15%;
         top: 30%;
         bottom: 30%;
         width: 70%;
         height: 40%;
         text-align: left;
         border: 3px rgb(0,0,0) solid;
       }
     </style>
   </head>
   <body>
      <center>
        <div>
             ...Some content...
        </div>
      </center>

   </body>
 </html>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions Working Draft Defines top as animatable.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1) Recommendation Initial specification

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: teoli,
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