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justify-items

The CSS justify-items property defines the default justify-self for all items of the box, given them the default way of justifying each box along the appropriate axis.

/* Basic keywords */
justify-items: auto;
justify-items: normal;
justify-items: stretch;

/* Positional alignment */
justify-items: center;     /* Pack items around the center */
justify-items: start;      /* Pack items from the start */
justify-items: end;        /* Pack items from the end */
justify-items: flex-start; /* Pack flex items from the start */
justify-items: flex-end;   /* Pack flex items from the end */
justify-items: self-start;
justify-items: self-end;
justify-items: left;       /* Pack items from the left */
justify-items: right;      /* Pack items from the right */

/* Baseline alignment */
justify-items: baseline;
justify-items: first baseline;
justify-items: last baseline;

/* Overflow alignment (for positional alignment only) */
justify-items: safe center;
justify-items: unsafe center;

/* Legacy alignment */
justify-items: legacy right;
justify-items: legacy left;
justify-items: legacy center;

/* Global values */
justify-items: inherit;
justify-items: initial;
justify-items: unset;

Syntax

This property can take one of four different forms:

  • Basic keywords: one of the keyword values normal, auto, or stretch.
  • Baseline alignment: the baseline keyword, plus optionally one of first or last.
  • Positional alignment: one of: center, start, end, flex-start, flex-end, self-start, self-end, left, or right. Plus optionally safe or unsafe.
  • Legacy alignment: the legacy keyword, followed by one of left or right.

Values

auto
The value used is the value of the justiy-items property of the parents box, unless the box has no parent, or is absolutely positioned, in these cases, auto represents normal.
normal
The effect of this keyword is dependent of the layout mode we are in:
  • In block-level layouts, the keyword is a synonym of start.
  • In absolutely-positioned layouts, the keyword behaved like start on replaced absolutely-positioned boxes, and as stretch on all other absolutely-positioned boxes.  
  • In table cell layouts, this keyword has no meaning as this property is ignored.
  • In flexbox layouts, this keyword has no meaning as this property is ignored.
  • In grid layouts, this keyword leads to a behavior similar to the one of stretch, except for boxes with an aspect ratio or an intrinsic sizes where it behaves like start.
start
The item is packed flush to each other toward the start edge of the alignment container in the appropriate axis.
end
The item is packed flush to each other toward the end edge of the alignment container in the appropriate axis.
flex-start
The item ispacked flush to each other toward the edge of the alignment container depending on the flex container's main-start or cross-start side.
This only applies to flex layout items. For items that are not children of a flex container, this value is treated like start.
flex-end
The item is packed flush to each other toward the edge of the alignment container depending on the flex container's main-end or cross-end side.
This only applies to flex layout items. For items that are not children of a flex container, this value is treated like end.
self-start
The item is packed flush to the edge of the alignment container of the start side of the item, in the appropriate axis.
self-end
The item is packed flush to the edge of the alignment container of the end side of the item, in the appropriate axis.
center
The items are packed flush to each other toward the center of the of the alignment container.
left
The items are packed flush to each other toward the left edge of the alignment container. If the property’s axis is not parallel with the inline axis, this value behaves like start.
right
The items are packed flush to each other toward the right edge of the alignment container in the appropriate axis. If the property’s axis is not parallel with the inline axis, this value behaves like start.
baseline
first baseline

last baseline
Specifies participation in first- or last-baseline alignment: aligns the alignment baseline of the box’s first or last baseline set with the corresponding baseline in the shared first or last baseline set of all the boxes in its baseline-sharing group.
The fallback alignment for first baseline is start, the one for last baseline is end.
stretch
If the combined size of the items is less than the size of the alignment container, any auto-sized items have their size increased equally (not proportionally), while still respecting the constraints imposed by max-height/max-width (or equivalent functionality), so that the combined size exactly fills the alignment container.
safe
If the size of the item overflows the alignment container, the item is instead aligned as if the alignment mode were start.
unsafe
Regardless of the relative sizes of the item and alignment container, the given alignment value is honored.
legacy
Makes the value inherited by the box descendants. Note that if a descendant has a justify-self: auto value, the legacy keyword is not considered by the descend, only the left, right, or center value associated to it.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Box Alignment Module
The definition of 'justify-items' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Firefox (Gecko) Chrome Edge Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 45 (45) ? ? ? ? ?
Feature Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Android Android Webview Edge IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support 45.0 (45) ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: wbamberg, teoli
 Last updated by: wbamberg,