clip-path

The clip-path CSS property creates a clipping region that sets what part of an element should be shown. Parts that are inside the region are shown, while those outside are hidden.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
clip-path: none;

/* <clip-source> values */ 
clip-path: url(resources.svg#c1);

/* <geometry-box> values */
clip-path: margin-box;
clip-path: border-box;
clip-path: padding-box;
clip-path: content-box;
clip-path: fill-box;
clip-path: stroke-box;
clip-path: view-box;

/* <basic-shape> values */
clip-path: inset(100px 50px);
clip-path: circle(50px at 0 100px);
clip-path: polygon(50% 0%, 100% 50%, 50% 100%, 0% 50%);
clip-path: path('M0.5,1 C0.5,1,0,0.7,0,0.3 A0.25,0.25,1,1,1,0.5,0.3 A0.25,0.25,1,1,1,1,0.3 C1,0.7,0.5,1,0.5,1 Z');

/* Box and shape values combined */
clip-path: padding-box circle(50px at 0 100px);

/* Global values */
clip-path: inherit;
clip-path: initial;
clip-path: unset;

The clip-path property is specified as one or a combination of the values listed below.

Values

<clip-source>
A <url> referencing an SVG <clipPath> element.
<basic-shape>
A shape whose size and position is defined by the <geometry-box> value. If no geometry box is specified, the border-box will be used as the reference box.
<geometry-box>
If specified in combination with a <basic-shape>, this value defines the reference box for the basic shape. If specified by itself, it causes the edges of the specified box, including any corner shaping (such as a border-radius), to be the clipping path. The geometry box can be one of the following values:
margin-box
Uses the margin box as the reference box.
border-box
Uses the border box as the reference box.
padding-box
Uses the padding box as the reference box.
content-box
Uses the content box as the reference box.
fill-box
Uses the object bounding box as the reference box.
stroke-box
Uses the stroke bounding box as the reference box.
view-box
Uses the nearest SVG viewport as the reference box. If a viewBox attribute is specified for the element creating the SVG viewport, the reference box is positioned at the origin of the coordinate system established by the viewBox attribute and the dimension of the size of the reference box is set to the width and height values of the viewBox attribute.
none
No clipping path is created.

Note: A computed value other than none results in the creation of a new stacking context the same way that CSS opacity does for values other than 1.

Formal syntax

<clip-source> | [ <basic-shape> || <geometry-box> ] | none

where
<clip-source> = <url>
<basic-shape> = <inset()> | <circle()> | <ellipse()> | <polygon()>
<geometry-box> = <shape-box> | fill-box | stroke-box | view-box

where
<inset()> = inset( <length-percentage>{1,4} [ round <'border-radius'> ]? )
<circle()> = circle( [ <shape-radius> ]? [ at <position> ]? )
<ellipse()> = ellipse( [ <shape-radius>{2} ]? [ at <position> ]? )
<polygon()> = polygon( <fill-rule>? , [ <length-percentage> <length-percentage> ]# )
<shape-box> = <box> | margin-box

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | <percentage>
<shape-radius> = <length-percentage> | closest-side | farthest-side
<position> = [ [ left | center | right ] || [ top | center | bottom ] | [ left | center | right | <length-percentage> ] [ top | center | bottom | <length-percentage> ]? | [ [ left | right ] <length-percentage> ] && [ [ top | bottom ] <length-percentage> ] ]
<fill-rule> = nonzero | evenodd
<box> = border-box | padding-box | content-box

Examples

Comparison of HTML and SVG

Complete example

HTML

<img id="clipped" src="https://mdn.mozillademos.org/files/12668/MDN.svg"
    alt="MDN logo">
<svg height="0" width="0">
  <defs>
    <clipPath id="cross">
      <rect y="110" x="137" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="0" y="110" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="137" y="0" width="90" height="90"/>
      <rect x="0" y="0" width="90" height="90"/>
    </clipPath>
  </defs>
</svg>

<select id="clipPath">
  <option value="none">none</option>
  <option value="circle(100px at 110px 100px)">circle</option>
  <option value="url(#cross)" selected>cross</option>
  <option value="inset(20px round 20px)">inset</option>
  <option value="path('M 0 200 L 0,110 A 110,90 0,0,1 240,100 L 200 340 z')">path</option>
</select>

CSS

#clipped {
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  clip-path: url(#cross);
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Masking Module Level 1
The definition of 'clip-path' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Extends its application to HTML elements. The clip-path property replaces the deprecated clip property.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition)
The definition of 'clip-path' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition (applies to SVG elements only).
Unknown
The definition of 'path' in that specification.
Unknown Defines path().
Initial valuenone
Applies toall elements; In SVG, it applies to container elements excluding the defs element and all graphics elements
Inheritedno
Percentagesrefer to reference box when specified, otherwise border-box
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified, but with <url> values made absolute
Animation typeyes, as specified for <basic-shape>, otherwise no
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
clip-pathChrome Full support 55
Full support 55
Full support 23
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Notes
Full support 12
Notes
Notes Edge only supports clip paths defined by url().
Firefox Full support 3.5IE Full support 10
Notes
Full support 10
Notes
Notes Internet Explorer only supports clip paths defined by url().
Opera Full support 42
Full support 42
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari Full support 9.1
Full support 9.1
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 55
Full support 55
Full support ≤37
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 55
Full support 55
Full support 25
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 42
Full support 42
Full support 14
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari iOS Full support 9.3
Full support 9.3
Full support 6.1
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
Full support 6.0
Full support 1.5
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -webkit-
AnimationsChrome Full support 55Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 49IE No support NoOpera Full support 42Safari No support NoWebView Android Full support 55Chrome Android Full support 55Firefox Android Full support 49Opera Android Full support 42Safari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android Full support 6.0
<basic-shape>Chrome Full support 23Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 54
Full support 54
No support 47 — 54
Disabled
Disabled From version 47 until version 54 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.clip-path-shapes.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 15Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 54
Full support 54
No support 47 — 54
Disabled
Disabled From version 47 until version 54 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.clip-path-shapes.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 6.1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5
fill-box and stroke-boxChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 51
Notes
Full support 51
Notes
Notes This value was supported before Firefox 51, but as an alias to border-box.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 51
Notes
Full support 51
Notes
Notes This value was supported before Firefox 51, but as an alias to border-box.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
On HTML elements
Experimental
Chrome Full support 23Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 3.5IE No support NoOpera Full support 15Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 6.1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5
path()Chrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 71
Full support 71
Full support 63
Disabled
Disabled From version 63: this feature is behind the layout.css.clip-path-path.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoFirefox Android Full support 63
Disabled
Full support 63
Disabled
Disabled From version 63: this feature is behind the layout.css.clip-path-path.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No
On SVG elementsChrome Full support 23Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 52IE Full support 10Opera Full support 15Safari Full support 6.1WebView Android Full support 4.4Chrome Android Full support 25Firefox Android Full support 52Opera Android Full support 14Safari iOS Full support 6.1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.5

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
Experimental. Expect behavior to change in the future.
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also