The transition-timing-function CSS property sets how intermediate values are calculated for CSS properties being affected by a transition effect.

 

This, in essence, lets you establish an acceleration curve so that the speed of the transition can vary over its duration.

This acceleration curve is defined using one <timing-function> for each property to be transitioned. 

 

You may specify multiple timing functions; each one will be applied to the corresponding property as specified by the transition-property property, which acts as a master list. If there are fewer functions specified than in the master list, missing values are set to the initial value (ease). If there are more timing functions, the list is simply truncated to the right size. In both cases, the CSS declaration stays valid.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
transition-timing-function: ease;
transition-timing-function: ease-in;
transition-timing-function: ease-out;
transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
transition-timing-function: linear;
transition-timing-function: step-start;
transition-timing-function: step-end;

/* Function values */
transition-timing-function: steps(4, end);
transition-timing-function: cubic-bezier(0.1, 0.7, 1.0, 0.1);
transition-timing-function: frames(10);

/* Multiple timing functions */
transition-timing-function: ease, step-start, cubic-bezier(0.1, 0.7, 1.0, 0.1);

/* Global values */
transition-timing-function: inherit;
transition-timing-function: initial;
transition-timing-function: unset;

Values

<timing-function>
Each <timing-function> represents the timing function to link to the corresponding property to transition, as defined in transition-property.

Formal syntax

<single-transition-timing-function>#

where
<single-transition-timing-function> = <single-timing-function>

where
<single-timing-function> = linear | <cubic-bezier-timing-function> | <step-timing-function> | <frames-timing-function>

where
<cubic-bezier-timing-function> = ease | ease-in | ease-out | ease-in-out | cubic-bezier(<number>, <number>, <number>, <number>)
<step-timing-function> = step-start | step-end | steps(<integer>[, [ start | end ] ]?)
<frames-timing-function> = frames(<integer>)

Examples

transition-timing-function: ease

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: ease-in

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
     -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: ease-out

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-out;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: ease-in-out

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: ease-in-out;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: linear

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: linear;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: linear;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: linear;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: linear;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: step-start

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: step-start;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: step-start;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: step-start;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: step-start;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: step-end

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: step-end;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: step-end;
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: step-end;
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: step-end;
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

transition-timing-function: steps(4, end)

 <div class="parent">
  <div class="box">Lorem</div>
</div>
  
.parent { width: 250px; height:125px;}
.box {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    background-color: red;
    font-size: 20px;
    left: 0px;
    top: 0px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: steps(4, end);
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: steps(4, end);
}
.box1{
    width: 50px;
    height: 50px;
    background-color: blue;
    color: yellow;
    font-size: 18px;
    left: 150px;
    top:25px;
    position:absolute;
    -webkit-transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    -webkit-transition-duration:2s;
    -webkit-transition-timing-function: steps(4, end);
    transition-property: width height background-color font-size left top color;
    transition-duration:2s;
    transition-timing-function: steps(4, end);
}
function updateTransition() {
  var el = document.querySelector("div.box");
   
  if (el) {
    el.className = "box1";
  } else {
    el = document.querySelector("div.box1");
    el.className = "box";
  }
   
  return el;
}

var intervalID = window.setInterval(updateTransition, 7000);

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'transition-timing-function' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Initial valueease
Applies toall elements, ::before and ::after pseudo-elements
Inheritedno
Mediainteractive
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 26
Full support 26
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 4
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE Full support 10Opera Full support 12.1
Full support 12.1
Full support 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
No support 11.6 — 15
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -o-
Safari Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 26
Full support 26
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge Mobile Full support 12
Full support 12
Full support 12
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Firefox Android Full support 16
Full support 16
Full support 4
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -moz-
Full support 49
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Full support 44
Prefixed Disabled
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Disabled From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android ? Safari iOS Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: ddbeck,