Limited availability

This feature is not Baseline because it does not work in some of the most widely-used browsers.

The anchor-size() CSS function enables sizing anchor-positioned elements relative to the dimensions of anchor elements. It returns the <length> of a specified side of the target anchor element. anchor() is only valid when used within the value of anchor-positioned elements' sizing properties.

For detailed information on anchor features and usage, see the CSS anchor positioning module landing page and the Using CSS anchor positioning guide.


/* size of anchor side */
width: anchor-size(width);
block-size: anchor-size(block);
height: calc(anchor-size(self-inline) + 2em);

/* size of named anchor side */
width: anchor-size(--myAnchor width);
block-size: anchor-size(--myAnchor block);

/* size of named anchor side with fallback */
width: anchor-size(--myAnchor width, 50%);
block-size: anchor-size(--myAnchor block, 200px);


The anchor-size() function's syntax is as follows:

anchor-size(<anchor-element> <anchor-size>, <length-percentage>)

The parameters are:

<anchor-element> Optional

The anchor-name property value of an anchor element you want to size the element relative to. This is a <dashed-ident> value. If omitted, the element's default anchor is used.

Note: Specifying an <anchor-element> inside an anchor-size() function neither associates nor tethers an element to an anchor; it only sizes the element relative to that anchor.


Specifies the dimension of the anchor element that the positioned element will be sized relative to. Valid values include:


The width of the anchor element.


The height of the anchor element.


The length of the anchor element's containing block in the block direction.


The length of the anchor element's containing block in the inline direction.


The length of the anchor element in the block direction.


The length of the anchor element in the inline direction.

Note: If this parameter is omitted, the dimension defaults to the <anchor-size> keyterm that matches the axis of the property in which the function is included. For example, width: anchor-size(); is equivalent to width: anchor-size(width);.

<length-percentage> Optional

Specifies the size to use as a fallback value if the element is not absolutely or fixed positioned, or the anchor element doesn't exist. If this parameter is omitted in a case when the fallback would otherwise be used, the declaration is invalid.

Note: The anchor dimension you size the positioned element relative to does not have to be along the same axis as the sizing value being set. For example, width: anchor-size(height) is valid.

Return value

Returns a <length> value.


The anchor() function enables a positioned element's sizing values to be expressed in terms of an anchor element's dimensions; it defines the dimension of a specific anchor element the positioned element is being sized relative to. It is a valid value for sizing properties set on anchor-positioned elements. When used, the function returns the <length> dimension of an anchor element, with both the anchor element and the dimension being optional parameters.

The length returned is the vertical or horizontal size of an anchor element or its containing block. The dimension used is defined by the <anchor-size> parameter. If that parameter is omitted, the dimension used will match the axis of the sizing property is it set on.

The anchor element used as the basis for the dimension length is the element with the anchor-name specified in the <anchor-name> parameter. If more than one element has the same anchor name, the last element with that anchor name in the DOM order is used.

If no <anchor-name> parameter is included in the function call, the element's default anchor, referenced in its position-anchor property, or associated with the element via the anchor HTML attribute, is used.

If an <anchor-name> parameter is included and there are no elements matching that anchor name, the fallback value is used. If no fallback was included, the declaration is ignored. For example, if width: anchor-size(--foo width, 50px); height: anchor-size(--foo width); were specified on the positioned element but no anchor named --foo exists in the DOM, the width would be 50px and the height declaration would have no effect.

If an element has sizing properties with anchor-size() values set on them, but it is not an anchor-positioned element (it does not have its position property set to absolute or fixed or does not have an anchor associated with it via its position-anchor property), the fallback value will be used if one is available. If no fallback is available, the declaration is ignored.

For example, if width: anchor-size(width, 50px); were specified on the positioned element but no anchor was associated with it, the fallback value would be used, so width would get a computed value of 50px.

For detailed information on anchor features and usage, see the CSS anchor positioning module landing page and the Using CSS anchor positioning guide.

Properties that accept anchor-size() function values

The sizing properties that accept an anchor-size() function as a value include:

Using anchor-size() inside calc()

The most common anchor-size() functions you'll use will just refer to a dimension of the default anchor. Alternative, include the anchor-size() function inside a calc() functions to modify the size applied to the positioned element.

For example, this rule sizes the positioned element's width equal to the default anchor element's width:

.positionedElem {
  width: anchor-size(width);

This rule sizes the positioned element's inline size to 4 times the anchor element's inline size, with the multiplication being done inside a calc() function:

.positionedElem {
  inline-size: calc(anchor-size(self-inline) * 4);

Formal syntax

<anchor-size()> = 
anchor-size( [ <anchor-element> || <anchor-size> ]? , <length-percentage>? )

<anchor-element> =

<anchor-size> =
width |
height |
block |
inline |
self-block |

<length-percentage> =
<length> |


Basic anchor-size() usage

This example shows two elements positioned relative to an anchor and sized using anchor-size() functions.


We specify three <div> elements, one anchor element and the two infobox elements we'll position relative to the anchor. We also include filler text to make the <body> tall enough to require scrolling, but this has been hidden for the sake of brevity.

<div class="anchor">⚓︎</div>

<div class="infobox" id="infobox1">
  <p>This is the first infobox.</p>

<div class="infobox" id="infobox2">
  <p>This is the second infobox.</p>


We declare the anchor <div> as an anchor element by giving it an anchor-name. The positioned elements, with their position properties set to fixed, are associated with the anchor element via their position-anchor properties. We also set absolute height and width dimensions on the anchor to provide a reference point when checking the positioned element dimensions, for example, with browser developer tools:

.anchor {
  anchor-name: --myAnchor;
  width: 100px;
  height: 100px;

.infobox {
  position-anchor: --myAnchor;
  position: fixed;

We set some distinct property values on the positioned elements:

  • The positioned elements are tethered to the anchor with different inset-area values that position the elements in different places around the anchor element.
  • The height of the first infobox is set to the same height as the anchor element: anchor-size(height) returns the anchor element's height. The element's width is set to double the anchor element's width using the anchor-size() function within a calc() function: anchor-size(width) retrieves the anchor element's width, which is then multiplied by two.
  • The height of the second infobox is set to two-thirds of the anchor element's height, using a similar technique.
  • Margin values are included to provide some separation from the anchor element.
#infobox1 {
  inset-area: right;
  height: anchor-size(height);
  width: calc(anchor-size(width) * 2);
  margin-left: 5px;

#infobox2 {
  inset-area: top span-right;
  height: calc(anchor-size(height) / 1.5);
  margin-bottom: 5px;


Use your browser tools to inspect the anchor-positioned elements. The first infobox will be 100px tall and 200px wide, while the second infobox will have a height of approximately 66.7px, with the width defaulting to max-content.


CSS Anchor Positioning
# anchor-size-fn

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also