Baseline 2022

Newly available

Since March 2022, this feature works across the latest devices and browser versions. This feature might not work in older devices or browsers.

The perspective CSS property determines the distance between the z=0 plane and the user in order to give a 3D-positioned element some perspective.

Try it


/* Keyword value */
perspective: none;

/* <length> values */
perspective: 20px;
perspective: 3.5em;

/* Global values */
perspective: inherit;
perspective: initial;
perspective: revert;
perspective: revert-layer;
perspective: unset;



Indicates that no perspective transform is to be applied.


A <length> giving the distance from the user to the z=0 plane. It is used to apply a perspective transform to the children of the element. Negative values are syntax errors. If the value is smaller than 1px, it is clamped to 1px.


Each 3D element with z>0 becomes larger; each 3D-element with z<0 becomes smaller. The strength of the effect is determined by the value of this property. Large values of perspective cause a small transformation; small values of perspective cause a large transformation.

The parts of the 3D elements that are behind the user — i.e. their z-axis coordinates are greater than the value of the perspective CSS property — are not drawn.

The vanishing point is by default placed at the center of the element, but its position can be changed using the perspective-origin property.

Using this property with a value other than none creates a new stacking context. Also, in that case, the object will act as a containing block for position: fixed elements that it contains.

Formal definition

Initial valuenone
Applies totransformable elements
Computed valuethe absolute length or none
Animation typea length
Creates stacking contextyes

Formal syntax

perspective = 
none |
<length [0,∞]>


Setting perspective

An example showing how a cube varies if the perspective is set at different positions is given in Using CSS transforms > Setting perspective.


CSS Transforms Module Level 2
# perspective-property

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also