The :focus CSS pseudo-class represents an element (such as a form input) that has received focus. It is generally triggered when the user clicks or taps on an element or selects it with the keyboard's "tab" key.

/* Selects any <input> when focused */
input:focus {
  color: red;
}

Note: This pseudo-class applies only to the focused element itself. Use :focus-within if you want to select an element that contains a focused element.

Syntax

:focus

Example

HTML

<input class="red-input" value="I'll be red when focused."><br>
<input class="blue-input" value="I'll be blue when focused.">

CSS

.red-input:focus {
  background: yellow;
  color: red;
}

.blue-input:focus {
  background: yellow;
  color: blue;
}

Result

Accessibility Concerns

Make sure the visual focus indicator can be seen by people with low vision.  This will also benefit anyone use a screen in a brightly lit space (like outside in the sun).   WCAG 2.1 SC 1.4.11 Non-Text Contrast requires that the visual focus indicator be at least 3 to 1. 

:focus { outline: none; }

Never just remove the focus outline (visible focus indicator) without replacing it with a focus outline that will pass WCAG 2.1 SC 1.4.11 Non-Text Contrast

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':focus' in that specification.
Living Standard Defines HTML-specific semantics.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':focus' in that specification.
Working Draft No change.
Selectors Level 3
The definition of ':focus' in that specification.
Recommendation No change.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of ':focus' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support YesFirefox Full support 1IE Full support 8Opera Full support 7Safari Full support 1WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 6Safari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: goodwitch,