The :host CSS pseudo-class selects the shadow host of the shadow DOM containing the CSS it is used inside — in other words, this allows you select a custom element from inside its shadow DOM.

Note: This has no effect when used outside a shadow DOM.

/* Selects a shadow root host */
:host {
  font-weight: bold;
}

Syntax

Syntax not found in DB!

Examples

The following snippets are taken from our host-selectors example (see it live also).

In this example we have a simple custom element — <context-span> — that you can wrap around text:

<h1>Host selectors <a href="#"><context-span>example</context-span></a></h1>

Inside the element's constructor, we create style and span elements, fill the span with the content of the custom element, and fill the style element with some CSS rules:

let style = document.createElement('style');
let span = document.createElement('span');
span.textContent = this.textContent;

const shadowRoot = this.attachShadow({mode: 'open'});
shadowRoot.appendChild(style);
shadowRoot.appendChild(span);

style.textContent = 'span:hover { text-decoration: underline; }' +
                    ':host-context(h1) { font-style: italic; }' +
                    ':host-context(h1):after { content: " - no links in headers!" }' +
                    ':host-context(article, aside) { color: gray; }' +
                    ':host(.footer) { color : red; }' +
                    ':host { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.1); padding: 2px 5px; }';

The :host { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.1); padding: 2px 5px; } rule styles all instances of the <context-span> element (the shadow host in this instance) in the document.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Scoping Module Level 1
The definition of ':host' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
:hostChrome Full support 54Edge No support No
Notes
No support No
Notes
Notes Under consideration
Firefox Full support 63
Full support 63
No support 61 — 63
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 63 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.webcomponents.shadowdom.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 41Safari Full support YesWebView Android Full support 54Chrome Android Full support 54Firefox Android Full support 63
Full support 63
No support 61 — 63
Disabled
Disabled From version 61 until version 63 (exclusive): this feature is behind the dom.webcomponents.shadowdom.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 41Safari iOS Full support YesSamsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Contributors to this page: mdnwebdocs-bot, mfluehr, Sheppy, jpmedley, chrisdavidmills
Last updated by: mdnwebdocs-bot,