The orphans CSS property refers to the minimum number of lines in a block container that must be left at the bottom of the page. This property is normally used to control how page breaks occur.


/* Numerical value */
orphans: 3;

/* Global values */
orphans: inherit;
orphans: initial;
orphans: unset;


Only positive values are allowed.
Takes the same specified value as the property for the element's parent.

Formal syntax



Specification Status Comment
CSS Fragmentation Module Level 3
The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
Working Draft Extends orphans to apply to any type of fragment, like pages, regions or columns.
CSS Multi-column Layout Module
The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Recommendations to consider widows in relation with columns
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 25.0 Not supported 8 9.2 Not supported
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 25.0 Not supported ? ? Not supported

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: Sebastianz,