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    The orphans CSS property refers to the minimum number of lines in a block container that must be left at the bottom of the page. This property is normally used to control how page breaks occur.


    /* Numerical value */
    orphans: 3;
    /* Global values */
    orphans: inherit;
    orphans: initial;
    orphans: unset;


    Only positive values are allowed.
    Takes the same specified value as the property for the element's parent.

    Formal syntax



    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Fragmentation Module Level 3
    The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
    Working Draft Extends orphans to apply to any type of fragment, like pages, regions or columns.
    CSS Multi-column Layout Module
    The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
    Candidate Recommendation Recommendations to consider widows in relation with columns
    CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
    The definition of 'orphans' in that specification.
    Recommendation Initial specification.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
    Basic support 25.0 Not supported 8 9.2 Not supported
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support 25.0 Not supported ? ? Not supported

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Last updated by: Sebastianz,