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    text-indent

    Summary

    The text-indent property specifies how much horizontal space should be left before the beginning of the first line of the text content of an element.

    Horizontal spacing is with respect to the left (or right, for right-to-left layout) edge of the containing block element's box.

    • Initial value 0
    • Applies to block containers
    • Inherited yes
    • Percentages refer to the width of the containing block
    • Media visual
    • Computed value the percentage as specified or the absolute length, plus any keywords as specified
    • Animatable yes, as a length, percentage or calc(); when both values are lengths, they are interpolated as lengths; when both values are percentages, they are interpolated as percentages; otherwise, both values are converted into a calc() function that is the sum of a length and a percentage (each possibly zero), and these calc() functions have each half interpolated as real numbers.
    • Canonical order the length or percentage before the keywords, if both are present. If several keywords are present, they appear in the same order as their appearance in the formal grammar.

    Syntax

    /* <length> values */
    text-indent: 3mm;
    text-indent: 40px;
    
    /* <percentage> value
       relative to the containing block width */
    text-indent: 15%;
    
    /* Keyword values */
    text-indent: each-line;
    text-indent: hanging;
    
    /* Global values */
    text-indent: inherit;
    text-indent: initial;
    text-indent: unset;
    

    Values

    <length>
    Indentation is specified as an absolute <length>. Negative values are allowed. See <length> values for possible units.
    <percentage>
    Indentation is a <percentage> of the containing block width.
    each-line
    Indentation affects the first line of the block container as well as each line after aforced line break , but does not affect lines after asoft wrap break .
    hanging
    Inverts which lines are indented. All lines except the first line will be indented.

    Formal syntax

    <length> | <percentage> && [ hanging || each-line ]

    Simple indent example

    HTML

    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy 
    nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.</p>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy 
    nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.</p>  
    

    CSS

    p { 
      text-indent: 5em; 
      background: powderblue;
    }

    Percentage indent example

    HTML Content

    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy 
    nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.</p>
    <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy 
    nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat.</p> 

    CSS Content

    p { 
      text-indent: 30%; 
      background: plum;
    }

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Text Level 3
    The definition of 'text-indent' in that specification.
    Working Draft Added the hanging and each-line keywords
    CSS Transitions
    The definition of 'text-indent' in that specification.
    Working Draft Lists text-indent as animatable.
    CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
    The definition of 'text-indent' in that specification.
    Recommendation The behavior with display: inline-block and anonymous block boxes have been explicitly defined.
    CSS Level 1
    The definition of 'text-indent' in that specification.
    Recommendation  

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Firefox (Gecko) Chrome Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 1.0 3.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
    hanging Not supported (bug 784648) Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
    each-line Not supported (bug 784648) Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
    Feature Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Android IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support 1.0 (1.9.2) ? ? ? ?
    hanging Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
    each-line Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Last updated by: Sebastianz,