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The text-emphasis-style CSS property defines the type of emphasis used. It can also be set, and reset, using the text-emphasis shorthand.

/* Initial value */
text-emphasis-style: none; /* No emphasis marks */

/*  value */
text-emphasis-style: 'x';
text-emphasis-style: '点';
text-emphasis-style: '\25B2';
text-emphasis-style: '*';
text-emphasis-style: 'foo'; /* Should NOT use. It may be computed to or rendered as 'f' only */

/* Keywords value */
text-emphasis-style: filled;
text-emphasis-style: open;
text-emphasis-style: filled sesame;
text-emphasis-style: open sesame;

/* Global values */
text-emphasis-style: inherit;
text-emphasis-style: initial;
text-emphasis-style: unset;

Initial valuenone
Applies toall elements
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar



No emphasis marks.
The shape is filled with solid color. If neither filled nor open is present, this is the default.
The shape is hollow.
Display small circles as marks. The filled dot is '•' (U+2022), and the open dot is '◦' (U+25E6).
Display large circles as marks. The filled circle is '●' (U+25CF), and the open circle is '○' (U+25CB).
Display double circles as marks. The filled double-circle is '◉' (U+25C9), and the open double-circle is '◎' (U+25CE).
Display triangles as marks. The filled triangle is '▲' (U+25B2), and the open triangle is '△' (U+25B3).
Display sesames as marks. The filled sesame is '﹅' (U+FE45), and the open sesame is '﹆' (U+FE46).
Display the given string as marks. Authors should not specify more than one character in <string>. The UA may truncate or ignore strings consisting of more than one grapheme cluster.

Formal syntax

none | [ [ filled | open ] || [ dot | circle | double-circle | triangle | sesame ] ] | <string>


h2 {
  text-emphasis-style: sesame;


Specification Status Comment
CSS Text Decoration Module Level 3
The definition of 'text-emphasis' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Firefox (Gecko) Chrome Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 46 (46)[1] 25.0-webkit No support 15.0-webkit 6.1-webkit
Feature Firefox Mobile (Gecko) Android IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 46 (46)[1] 4.4-webkit No support 33-webkit 7.1

[1] In Firefox 45, it wasn't activated by default: in about:config, the user has to set the preference layout.css.text-emphasis.enabled to true.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: chrisdavidmills, teoli, yisibl
 Last updated by: chrisdavidmills,