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    text-align

    Summary

    The text-align CSS property describes how inline content like text is aligned in its parent block element. text-align does not control the alignment of block elements itself, only their inline content.

    • Initial value start, or a nameless value that acts as left if direction is ltr, right if direction is rtl if start is not supported by the browser.
    • Applies to block containers
    • Inherited yes
    • Media visual
    • Computed value as specified, except for the match-parent value which is calculated against its parent's direction value and results in a computed value of either left or right
    • Animatable no
    • Canonical order order of appearance in the formal grammar of the values

    Syntax

    text-align: left;
    text-align: right;
    text-align: center;
    text-align: justify;
    text-align: start;
    text-align: end;
    text-align: match-parent;
    text-align: start end;
    text-align: ".";
    text-align: start ".";
    text-align: "." end;
    
    text-align: inherit;
    

    Values

    start
    The same as left if direction is left-to-right and right if direction is right-to-left.
    end
    The same as right if direction is left-to-right and left if direction is right-to-left.
    left
    The inline contents are aligned to the left edge of the line box.
    right
    The inline contents are aligned to the right edge of the line box.
    center
    The inline contents are centered within the line box.
    <string>
    The first occurrence of the one-char string is the element used for alignment. the keyword that follows or precedes it indicates how it is aligned. This allows to align numeric values on the decimal point, for instance.
    justify
    The text is justified. Text should line up their left and right edges to the left and right content edges of the paragraph.
    match-parent
    Similar to inherit with the difference that the value start and end are calculated according the parent's direction and are replaced by the adequate left or right value.

    Formal syntax

    start | end | left | right | center | justify | match-parent | start end
    

    Examples

    View Live Examples

    Live Examples

    div { text-align: center; border:solid; }

    p { background:gold; width:22em; }

    some more inline content...
    div { text-align: center; border:solid; }

    p { background:gold; width:22em; margin: 1em auto; }

    some more inline content...
    div { text-align:-moz-center; text-align:-webkit-center; border:solid; }

    p { background:gold; width:22em; }

    some more inline content...

    Notes

    The standard-compatible way to center a block itself without centering its inline content is setting the left and right margin to auto, e.g.:
    margin:auto; or margin:0 auto; or  margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto;

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Text Level 3
    The definition of 'visibility' in that specification.
    Working Draft Added the start and end keyword. Changed the unnamed initial value to start (which it was). Added the <string> value, the match-parent value and the start end double value.
    CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
    The definition of 'text-align' in that specification.
    Recommendation No changes
    CSS Level 1
    The definition of 'text-align' in that specification.
    Recommendation Initial definition.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Basic support (left, right, center and justify) 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 3.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
    Block alignment values [1] 1.0-webkit 1.0 (1.7 or earlier)-moz Not supported Not supported 1.0 (85)-khtml
    1.3 (312)-webkit
    start 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) Not supported (Yes) 3.1 (525)
    end 1.0 3.6 (1.9.2) Not supported Not supported 3.1 (525)
    match-parent 16 Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
    <string> value Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported
    Feature Android Chrome for Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support ? ? ? ? ? ?
    Block alignment values [1] ? ? ? ? ? ?
    start ? ? ? ? ? ?
    end ? ? ? ? ? ?
    match-parent ? ? ? ? ? ?
    <string> value ? ? ? ? ? ?

    [1] Both WebKit and Gecko supports a prefixed version of left, center, and right, that applies not only to inline content but also to block elements. This is used to implement the legacy align attributes on some table-related element. Do not use these on production Web sites.

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Last updated by: tregagnon,