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    white-space

    Summary

    The white-space property is used to describe how whitespace inside the element is handled.

    Syntax

    white-space: normal;
    white-space: nowrap;
    white-space: pre;
    white-space: pre-wrap;
    white-space: pre-line;
    
    white-space: inherit;
    

    Values

    normal
    Sequences of whitespace are collapsed. Newline characters in the source are handled as other whitespace. Breaks lines as necessary to fill line boxes.
    nowrap
    Collapses whitespace as for normal, but suppresses line breaks (text wrapping) within text.
    pre
    Sequences of whitespace are preserved, lines are only broken at newline characters in the source and at <br> elements.
    pre-wrap
    Sequences of whitespace are preserved. Lines are broken at newline characters, at <br>, and as necessary to fill line boxes.
    pre-line
    Sequences of whitespace are collapsed. Lines are broken at newline characters, at <br>, and as necessary to fill line boxes.

    The following table summarizes the behavior of various white-space values:

      New lines Spaces and tabs Text wrapping
    normal Collapse Collapse Wrap
    nowrap Collapse Collapse No wrap
    pre Preserve Preserve No wrap
    pre-wrap Preserve Preserve Wrap
    pre-line Preserve Collapse Wrap

    Formal syntax

    normal | pre | nowrap | pre-wrap | pre-line

    Examples

    code { 
      white-space: pre; 
    }

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    CSS Text Level 3
    The definition of 'white-space' in that specification.
    Working Draft Precises the breaking algorithms.
    CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
    The definition of 'white-space' in that specification.
    Recommendation Initial specification.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
    Basic support (normal and nowrap) 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 5.5 [1] 4.0 1.0 (85)
    pre 1.0 1.0 6.0 4.0 1.0 (85)
    pre-wrap 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) — 3.5 (1.9.1)-moz
    3.0 (1.9)
    8.0 8.0 3.0 (522)
    pre-line 1.0 3.5 (1.9.1) 8.0 9.5 3.0 (522)
    Support on <textarea> 1.0 36 (36) 5.5 4.0 1.0 (85)
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Basic support ? ? ? ? ?

    [1] Internet Explorer 5.5+ supports word-wrap: break-word;
    The following code allows line breaking inside pre elements:

    pre {
      word-wrap: break-word;      /* IE 5.5-7 */
      white-space: -moz-pre-wrap; /* Firefox 1.0-2.0 */
      white-space: pre-wrap;      /* current browsers */
    }

    See also