The flex-shrink CSS property specifies the flex shrink factor of a flex item. Flex items will shrink to fill the container according to the flex-shrink number, when the default width of flex items is wider than the flex container.

flex-shrink: 2;
flex-shrink: 0.6;

/* Global values */
flex-shrink: inherit;
flex-shrink: initial;
flex-shrink: unset;

Initial value1
Applies toflex items, including in-flow pseudo-elements
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typea number
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

See Using CSS flexible boxes for more properties and information.

Syntax

The flex-shrink property is specified as a single <number>.

Values

<number>
See <number>. Negative values are invalid.

Formal syntax

<number>

Example

HTML

<p>The width of content is 500px; the flex-basis of the flex items is 120px.</p>
<p>A, B, C have flex-shrink:1 set. D and E have flex-shrink:2 set</p>
<p>The width of D and E is less than the others.</p>
<div id="content">
  <div class="box" style="background-color:red;">A</div>
  <div class="box" style="background-color:lightblue;">B</div>
  <div class="box" style="background-color:yellow;">C</div>
  <div class="box1" style="background-color:brown;">D</div>
  <div class="box1" style="background-color:lightgreen;">E</div>
</div>

CSS

#content {
  display: flex;
  width: 500px;
}

#content div {
  flex-basis: 120px;
  border: 3px solid rgba(0,0,0,.2);
}

.box { 
  flex-shrink: 1;
}

.box1 { 
  flex-shrink: 2; 
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Flexible Box Layout Module
The definition of 'flex-shrink' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic Support21 -webkit-

(Yes)

(Yes) -webkit-

201 2

49 -webkit-

44 -webkit- 3

18 — 204

105

12.10

15 -webkit-

8 -webkit-
FeatureAndroidChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidIE mobileOpera AndroidiOS Safari
Basic Support ? ?

(Yes)

(Yes) -webkit-

201 2

49 -webkit-

44 -webkit- 3

18 — 204

No

12.10

15 -webkit-

?

1. Since Firefox 28, multi-line flexbox is supported.

2. Before Firefox 32, Firefox wasn't able to animate values starting or stopping at 0.

3. From version 44: this feature is behind the layout.css.prefixes.webkit preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

4. From version 18 until version 20 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.flexbox.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.

5. Internet Explorer 10 uses 0 instead of 1 as the initial value for the flex-shrink property. A workaround is to always set an explicit value for flex-shrink. See Flexbug #6 for more info.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: fscholz,