scale()

The scale() CSS function modifies the size of the element. It can either augment or decrease its size and as the amount of scaling is defined by a vector, it can do so more in one direction than in another one.

This transformation is characterized by a vector whose coordinates define how much scaling is done in each direction. If both coordinates of the vector are equal, the scaling is uniform, or isotropic, and the shape of the element is preserved. In that case, the scaling function defines a homothetic transformation.

When outside the [-1, 1] range, the scaling enlarges the element in the direction of the coordinate; when inside the range, it shrinks the element in that direction. When equal to 1 it does nothing and when negative it performs a point reflection and the size modification.

The scale() function only applies the transformation in the Euclidian plane (in 2D). To scale in the space, the scale3D() function has to be used.

Syntax

scale(sx) or
scale(sx, sy)

Values

sx
Is a <number> representing the abscissa of the scaling vector.
sy
Is a <number> representing the ordinate of the scaling vector. If not present, its default value is sx, leading to a uniform scaling preserving the shape of the element.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3
sx0 0sy sx000sy0001 sx000sy0001 sx0000sy0000100001
[sx 0 0 sy 0 0]

Examples

Scaling X dimension

HTML

<p>foo</p>
<p class="transformed">bar</p>

CSS

p { 
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
  background-color: teal;
}

.transformed {
  /* the same as transform: scaleX(2) scaleY(2);*/
  transform: scale(2);
  background-color: blue;
}

Result

Scaling X and Y dimensions and translating the origin

HTML

<p>foo</p>
<p class="transformed">bar</p>

CSS

p { 
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
  background-color: teal;
}

.transformed {
  /* same as scaleX(2) scaleY(0.5) */
  transform: scale(2, 0.5);
  transform-origin: left;
  background-color: blue;
}

Result

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: Jack-Q, knod, moali1., SphinxKnight
 Last updated by: Jack-Q,