The background-position-x CSS property sets the initial horizontal position for each background image. The position is relative to the position layer set by background-origin.

The value of this property is overridden by any declaration of the background or background-position shorthand properties applied to the element after it.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
background-position-x: left;
background-position-x: center;
background-position-x: right;

/* <percentage> values */
background-position-x: 25%;

/* <length> values */
background-position-x: 0px;
background-position-x: 1cm;
background-position-x: 8em;

/* Side-relative values */
background-position-x: right 3px;
background-position-x: left 25%;

/* Multiple values */
background-position-x: 0px, center;

/* Global values */
background-position-x: inherit;
background-position-x: initial;
background-position-x: unset;

The background-position-x property is specified as one or more values, separated by commas.

Values

left
Aligns the left edge of the background image with the left edge of the background position layer.
center
Aligns the center of the background image with the center of the background position layer.
right
Aligns the right edge of the background image with the right edge of the background position layer.
<length>
The offset of the given background image's horizontal edge from the corresponding background position layer's horizontal edge. If no edge is given, it refers to the left edge.
<percentage>
The offset of the given background image's horizontal edge from the corresponding background position layer's horizontal edge relative to its width. If no edge is given, it refers to the left edge by default.

Formal syntax

[ center | [ left | right | x-start | x-end ]? <length-percentage>? ]#

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | <percentage>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Backgrounds and Borders Module Level 4
The definition of 'background-position-x' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Initial specification of longhand sub-properties of background-position to match longstanding implementations.

Initial valueleft
Applies toall elements
Inheritedno
Percentagesrefer to width of background positioning area minus height of background image
Mediavisual
Computed valueA list, each item consisting of: an offset given as a combination of an absolute length and a percentage, plus an origin keyword
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

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DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support YesEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 49IE Full support 6Opera Full support YesSafari Full support YesWebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support YesEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 49Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes
Two-value syntax (support for offsets from any edge)Chrome No support NoEdge Full support 12Firefox Full support 49IE Full support 9Opera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 49Opera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: ddbeck,