Welcome to the MDN learning area. This set of articles aims to provide complete beginners to web development with all that they need to start coding websites.
The aim of this area of MDN is not to take you from "beginner" to "expert" but to take you from "beginner" to "comfortable." From there, you should be able to start making your way, learning from the rest of MDN, and other intermediate to advanced resources that assume a lot of previous knowledge.
If you are a complete beginner, web development can be challenging — we will hold your hand and provide enough detail for you to feel comfortable and learn the topics properly. You should feel at home whether you are a student learning web development (on your own or as part of a class), a teacher looking for class materials, a hobbyist, or someone who just wants to understand more about how web technologies work.
The content in the learning area is being added to regularly. We have started keeping Learning area release notes to show what has changed — keep checking back frequently!
If you have questions regarding topics you'd like to see covered or feel are missing, drop us a message on our Discourse forum.
Looking to become a front-end web developer?
We have put together a course that includes all the essential information you need to work towards your goal.
Where to start
- Complete beginner
- If you are a complete beginner to web development, we'd recommend that you start by working through our Getting started with the web module, which provides a practical introduction to web development.
- Beyond the basics
- If you have a bit of knowledge already, the next step is to learn HTML and CSS in detail: start with our Introduction to HTML module and move on to our CSS first steps module.
- Moving onto scripting
- Frameworks and tooling
Random glossary entry
- DTMF (Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency signaling)
- Dual-Tone Multi-Frequency (DTMF) signaling is a system by which audible tones are used to represent buttons being pressed on a keypad. Frequently referred to in the United States as "touch tone" (after the Touch-Tone trademark used when the transition from pulse dialing to DTMF began), DTMF makes it possible to signal the digits 0-9 as well as the letters "A" through "D" and the symbols "#" and "*". Few telephone keypads include the letters, which are typically used for control signaling by the telephone network.
The following is a list of all the topics we cover in the MDN learning area.
- Getting started with the web
- Provides a practical introduction to web development for complete beginners.
- HTML — Structuring the web
- HTML is the language that we use to structure the different parts of our content and define what their meaning or purpose is. This topic teaches HTML in detail.
- CSS — Styling the web
- CSS is the language that we can use to style and layout our web content, as well as adding behavior like animation. This topic provides comprehensive coverage of CSS.
- Web forms — Working with user data
- Web forms are a potent tool for interacting with users — most commonly, they are used for collecting data from users, or allowing them to control a user interface. In the articles listed below, we'll cover all the essential aspects of structuring, styling, and interacting with web forms.
- Accessibility — make the web usable by everyone
- Accessibility is the practice of making web content available to as many people as possible regardless of disability, device, locale, or other differentiating factors. This topic gives you all you need to know.
- Web Performance — making websites fast and responsive
- Web performance is the art of making sure web applications download fast and are responsive to user interaction, regardless of a user's bandwidth, screen size, network, or device capabilities.
- Tools and testing
- Server-side website programming
- Even if you are concentrating on client-side web development, it is still useful to know how servers and server-side code features work. This topic provides a general introduction to how the server-side works and detailed tutorials showing how to build up a server-side app using two popular frameworks: Django (Python) and Express (Node.js).
Getting our code examples
The code examples you'll encounter in the Learning Area are all available on GitHub. If you want to copy them all to your computer, the easiest way is to download a ZIP of the latest master code branch.
If you prefer to copy the repo in a more flexible way that allows for automatic updates, you can follow the more complex instructions:
- Install Git on your machine. This is the underlying version control system software that GitHub works on top of.
- Open your computer's command prompt (Windows) or terminal (Linux, macOS).
- To copy the learning area repo to a folder called learning-area in the current location your command prompt/terminal is pointing to, use the following command:
git clone https://github.com/mdn/learning-area
- You can now enter the directory and find the files you are after (either using your Finder/File Explorer or the
You can update the
learning-area repository with any changes made to the master version on GitHub with the following steps:
- In your command prompt/terminal, go inside the
cd. For example, if you were in the parent directory:
- Update the repository using the following command:
If you want to get in touch with us about anything, the best way is to drop us a message on our Discourse forum. We'd like to hear from you about anything you think is wrong or missing on the site, requests for new learning topics, requests for help with items you don't understand, or any other questions or concerns.
If you're interested in helping develop/improve the content, take a look at how you can help and get in touch! We are more than happy to talk to you, whether you are a learner, teacher, experienced web developer, or someone else interested in helping to improve the learning experience.
- Mozilla developer newsletter
- Our newsletter for web developers, which is an excellent resource for all levels of experience.
- Web demystified
- A great series of videos explaining web fundamentals, aimed at absolute beginners to web development. Created by Jérémie Patonnier.
- A great interactive site for learning programming languages from scratch.
- Basic coding theory with a gamified learning process. Mainly focused on beginners.
- Basic coding theory and practice, primarily aimed at children/complete beginners.
- Free and open courses for learning tech skills, with mentorship and project-based learning.
- Interactive site with tutorials and projects to learn web development.
- Web literacy map
- A framework for entry-level web literacy and 21st-century skills, which also provides access to teaching activities sorted by category.