flex

The flex CSS shorthand property sets how a flex item will grow or shrink to fit the space available in its flex container.

Constituent properties

This property is a shorthand for the following CSS properties:

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
flex: auto;
flex: initial;
flex: none;

/* One value, unitless number: flex-grow
flex-basis is then equal to 0. */
flex: 2;

/* One value, width/height: flex-basis */
flex: 10em;
flex: 30%;
flex: min-content;

/* Two values: flex-grow | flex-basis */
flex: 1 30px;

/* Two values: flex-grow | flex-shrink */
flex: 2 2;

/* Three values: flex-grow | flex-shrink | flex-basis */
flex: 2 2 10%;

/* Global values */
flex: inherit;
flex: initial;
flex: revert;
flex: unset;

The flex property may be specified using one, two, or three values.

Values

initial
The item is sized according to its width and height properties. It shrinks to its minimum size to fit the container, but does not grow to absorb any extra free space in the flex container. This is equivalent to setting "flex: 0 1 auto".
auto
The item is sized according to its width and height properties, but grows to absorb any extra free space in the flex container, and shrinks to its minimum size to fit the container. This is equivalent to setting "flex: 1 1 auto".
none
The item is sized according to its width and height properties. It is fully inflexible: it neither shrinks nor grows in relation to the flex container. This is equivalent to setting "flex: 0 0 auto".
<'flex-grow'>
Defines the flex-grow of the flex item. Negative values are considered invalid. Defaults to 1 when omitted. (initial is 0)
<'flex-shrink'>
Defines the flex-shrink of the flex item. Negative values are considered invalid. Defaults to 1 when omitted. (initial is 1)
<'flex-basis'>
Defines the flex-basis of the flex item. A preferred size of 0 must have a unit to avoid being interpreted as a flexibility. Defaults to 0 when omitted. (initial is auto)

Description

For most purposes, authors should set flex to one of the following values: auto, initial, none, or a positive unitless number. To see the effect of these values, try resizing the flex containers below:

By default flex items don't shrink below their minimum content size. To change this, set the item's min-width or min-height.

Formal definition

Initial valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Applies toflex items, including in-flow pseudo-elements
Inheritedno
Computed valueas each of the properties of the shorthand:
Animation typeas each of the properties of the shorthand:

Formal syntax

none | [ <'flex-grow'> <'flex-shrink'>? || <'flex-basis'> ]

Examples

Setting flex: auto

HTML

<div id="flex-container">
  <div class="flex-item" id="flex">Flex box (click to toggle raw box)</div>
  <div class="raw-item" id="raw">Raw box</div>
</div>

CSS

#flex-container {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: row;
}

#flex-container > .flex-item {
  flex: auto;
}

#flex-container > .raw-item {
  width: 5rem;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
CSS Flexible Box Layout Module Level 1 (CSS Flexbox 1)
# flex-property

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also