The resize CSS property sets whether an element is resizable, and if so, in which directions.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
resize: none;
resize: both;
resize: horizontal;
resize: vertical;
resize: block;
resize: inline;

/* Global values */
resize: inherit;
resize: initial;
resize: unset;  

The resize property is specified as a single keyword value from the list below.

Values

none
The element offers no user-controllable method for resizing it.
both
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it, which may be resized both horizontally and vertically.
horizontal
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the horizontal direction.
vertical
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the vertical direction.
block
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the block direction (either horizontally or vertically, depending on the writing-mode and direction value).
inline
The element displays a mechanism for allowing the user to resize it in the inline direction (either horizontally or vertically, depending on the writing-mode and direction value).

Note: resize does not apply to the following:

  • Inline elements
  • Block elements for which the overflow property is set to visible

Formal syntax

none | both | horizontal | vertical | block | inline

Examples

Disabling resizability of textareas

In many browsers, <textarea> elements are resizable by default. You may override this behavior with the resize property.

CSS

textarea {
  resize: none; /* Disables resizability */
}  

HTML

<textarea>Type some text here.</textarea>

Result

Using resize with arbitrary elements

You can use the resize property to make any element resizable. In the example below, a resizable <div> contains a resizable paragraph (<p> element).

CSS

.resizable {
  resize: both;
  overflow: scroll;
  border: 1px solid black;
}

div {
  height: 300px;
  width: 300px;
}

p {
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
}  

HTML

<div class="resizable">
  <p class="resizable">
    This paragraph is resizable in all directions, because
    the CSS `resize` property is set to `both` on this element.
  </p>
</div>  

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1
The definition of 'resize' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Adds the values block and inline.
CSS Basic User Interface Module Level 3
The definition of 'resize' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Initial valuenone
Applies toelements with overflow other than visible, and optionally replaced elements representing images or videos, and iframes
Inheritedno
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge No support NoFirefox Full support Yes
Full support Yes
No support 4 — ?
Prefixed
Prefixed Implemented with the vendor prefix: -moz-
IE No support NoOpera Full support 12.1Safari Full support 3WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
Support on block level, replaced, table cell, or inline block elementsChrome Full support 4Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 5
Notes
Full support 5
Notes
Notes resize doesn't have any effect on <iframe>. See bug 680823)
IE No support NoOpera Full support 15Safari Full support 4WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android ? Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?
Support for flow-relative values block and inlineChrome No support NoEdge No support NoFirefox Full support 63IE No support NoOpera No support NoSafari No support NoWebView Android No support NoChrome Android No support NoEdge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android No support NoOpera Android No support NoSafari iOS No support NoSamsung Internet Android No support No

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: ddbeck,