container-name

The container-name CSS property specifies a list of query container names used by the @container at-rule in a container query. A container query will apply styles to elements based on the size of the nearest ancestor with a containment context. When a containment context is given a name, it can be specifically targeted using the @container at-rule instead of the nearest ancestor with containment.

Syntax

container-name: <container-name>;

Values

  • <container-name> is a case-sensitive string that is used to identify the container. The following conditions apply:
    • The name can be any valid <custom-ident>, but must not equal default.
    • The name value must not be in quotes.
    • The dashed ident intended to denote author-defined identifiers (e.g., --container-name) is permitted.
    • A list of multiple names separated by a space is allowed.

Examples

Using a container name

Given the following HTML example which is a card component with an image, a title, author details, and some text:

<div class="card">
  <div class="post-meta">
    <h2>Card title</h2>
    <img src="image.png" alt="Cat with two different color eyes" />
    <p>Author <a href="https://example.com">website</a> details.</p>
  </div>
  <div class="post-excerpt">
    <p>
      A preview of my <a href="https://example.com">blog post</a> about cats.
    </p>
  </div>
</div>

To create a containment context, add the container-type property to an element in CSS. The following example creates two containment contexts, one for the card meta information and one for the post excerpt:

Note: A shorthand syntax for these declarations are described in the container page.

.post-meta {
  container-type: inline-size;
}

.post-excerpt {
  container-type: inline-size;
  container-name: excerpt;
}

Writing a container query via the @container at-rule will apply styles to the elements of the container when the query evaluates to true. The following example has two container queries, one that will apply only to the contents of the .post-excerpt element and one that will apply to both the .post-meta and .post-excerpt contents:

@container excerpt (min-width: 400px) {
  a {
    font-family: monospace;
  }
}

@container (min-width: 400px) {
  p {
    font-size: 2rem;
  }
}

For more information on writing container queries, see the CSS Container Queries page.

Using multiple container names

You can also provide multiple names to a container context separated by a space:

.post-meta {
  container-type: inline-size;
  container-name: meta card;
}

This will allow you to target the container using either name in the @container at-rule. This is useful if you want to target the same container with multiple container queries where either condition could be true:

@container meta (max-width: 500px) {
  li {
    visibility: hidden;
  }
}

@container nav (orientation: landscape) {
  h2 {
    font-size: 1.5em;
  }
}

Specifications

Specification
CSS Containment Module Level 3
# container-name

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also