The minmax() CSS function defines a size range greater than or equal to min and less than or equal to max.

/* <inflexible-breadth>, <track-breadth> values */
minmax(200px, 1fr)
minmax(400px, 50%)
minmax(30%, 300px)
minmax(100px, max-content)
minmax(min-content, 400px)
minmax(max-content, auto)
minmax(auto, 300px)
minmax(min-content, auto)

/* <fixed-breadth>, <track-breadth> values */
minmax(200px, 1fr)
minmax(30%, 300px)
minmax(400px, 50%)
minmax(50%, min-content)
minmax(300px, max-content)
minmax(200px, auto)

/* <inflexible-breadth>, <fixed-breadth> values */
minmax(400px, 50%)
minmax(30%, 300px)
minmax(min-content, 200px)
minmax(max-content, 200px)
minmax(auto, 300px)


A function taking two parameters, min and max.

Each parameter can be a <length>, a <percentage>, a <flex> value, or one of the keyword values max-content, min-content, or auto.

If max < min, then max is ignored and minmax(min,max) is treated as min. As a maximum, a <flex> value sets the flex factor of a grid track; it is invalid as a minimum.


A non-negative length.
A non-negative percentage relative to the inline size of the grid container in column grid tracks, and the block size of the grid container in row grid tracks. If the size of the grid container depends on the size of its tracks, then the <percentage> must be treated as auto. The UA may adjust the intrinsic size contributions of the track to the size of the grid container and increase the final size of the track by the minimum amount that would result in honoring the percentage.
A non-negative dimension with the unit fr specifying the track’s flex factor. Each <flex>-sized track takes a share of the remaining space in proportion to its flex factor.
Represents the largest max-content contribution of the grid items occupying the grid track.
Represents the largest min-content contribution of the grid items occupying the grid track.
As a maximum, identical to max-content. As a minimum it represents the largest minimum size (as specified by min-width/min-height) of the grid items occupying the grid track.

Formal syntax

minmax( [ <length> | <percentage> | <flex> | min-content | max-content | auto ] , [ <length> | <percentage> | <flex> | min-content | max-content | auto ] )


CSS content

#container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: minmax(max-content, 300px) minmax(200px, 1fr) 150px;
  grid-gap: 5px;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  height: 200px;
  width: 100%;
  background-color: #8cffa0;
  padding: 10px;

#container > div {
  background-color: #8ca0ff;
  padding: 5px;

HTML content

<div id="container">
    Item as wide as the content,<br/>
    but at most 300 pixels.
    Item with flexible width but a minimum of 200 pixels.
    Inflexible item of 150 pixels width.



Specification Status Comment
CSS Grid Layout
The definition of 'minmax()' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 57.0[1] 12[3] 52.0 (52.0)[2] 11[3] 44[4] 10.1
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support 52.0 (52.0)[2] No support[3] No support 10.3

[1] Implemented behind the experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Chrome 29.0.

[2] Implemented behind the preference layout.css.grid.enabled since Gecko 40.0 (Firefox 40.0 / Thunderbird 40.0 / SeaMonkey 2.37), defaulting to false. Since Gecko 52.0 (Firefox 52.0 / Thunderbird 52.0 / SeaMonkey 2.49) the preference is enabled by default.

[3] Internet Explorer and Edge implement an older version of the specification, which doesn't define this property. Although IE 11.608.15063 and EdgeHTML 15.15063 are observed to understand and implement the minmax syntax. Open in the aforementioned versions of IE/Edge to verify.

[4] Implemented behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features flag in chrome://flags since Opera 28.0.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: khs, weslord, mattchestnut, wbamberg, PascalAOMS, rachelandrew, teoli, Sebastianz
 Last updated by: khs,