The page-break-before CSS property adjusts page breaks before the current element.

This property applies to block elements that generate a box. It won't apply on an empty <div> that won't generate a box.

/* Keyword values */
page-break-before: auto;
page-break-before: always;
page-break-before: avoid;
page-break-before: left;
page-break-before: right;
page-break-before: recto;
page-break-before: verso;

/* Global values */
page-break-before: inherit;
page-break-before: initial;
page-break-before: unset;

Note: this property is in progress of being replaced by the more generic break-before. This new property also handles column and region breaks and is syntactically compatible with page-break-before.

Before using page-break-before, check if you can use break-before instead. In the future page-break-before will be a mere alias for some values of it.

Initial valueauto
Applies toblock-level elements in the normal flow of the root element. User agents may also apply it to other elements like table-row elements.
Inheritedno
Mediaas each of the properties of the shorthand:
  • visual: Value not found in DB!
  • paged: Value not found in DB!
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

Values

auto
Initial value. Automatic page breaks (neither forced nor forbidden).
always
Always force page breaks before the element.
avoid
Avoid page breaks before the element.
left
Force page breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a left page.
right
Force page breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a right page.
recto
If pages progress left-to-right, then this acts like right. If pages progress right-to-left, then this acts like left.
verso
If pages progress left-to-right, then this acts like left. If pages progress right-to-left, then this acts like right.

Formal syntax

auto | always | avoid | left | right | recto | verso

Examples

/* avoid page break before the div */
div.note { 
    page-break-before: avoid;
} 

Specification

Specification Status Comment
CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1
The definition of 'recto and verso' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Adds the values recto and verso.
CSS Paged Media Module Level 3
The definition of 'page-break-before' in that specification.
Working Draft Extends the element that this property applies to table rows and table row groups.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'page-break-before' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

 

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1
Notes
Full support 1
Notes
Notes The values avoid, left, and right are unsupported.
IE Full support 4Opera Full support 7Safari Full support 1.2WebView Android ? Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4
Notes
Full support 4
Notes
Notes The values avoid, left, and right are unsupported.
Opera Android ? Safari iOS ? Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown
See implementation notes.
See implementation notes.

 

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: fscholz,