The page-break-before CSS property adjusts page breaks before the current element.

This properties applies to block elements that generate a box. It won't apply on an empty <div> that won't generate a box.

Note: this property is in progress of being replaced by the more generic break-before. This new property also handles column and region breaks and is syntactically compatible with page-break-before.

Before using page-break-before, check if you can use break-before instead. In the future page-break-before will be a mere alias for some values of it.

  • Initial value auto
  • Applies to block-level elements in the normal flow of the root element. UA may also apply it to other elements like table-row elements.
  • Inherited no
  • Media visual, paged
  • Computed value as specified
  • Animatable no
  • Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


/* Keyword values */
page-break-before: auto;
page-break-before: always;
page-break-before: avoid;
page-break-before: left;
page-break-before: right;

/* Global values */
page-break-before: inherit;
page-break-before: initial;
page-break-before: unset;


Initial value. Automatic page breaks (neither forced nor forbidden).
Always force page breaks before the element.
Avoid page breaks before the element.
Force page breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a left page.
Force page breaks before the element so that the next page is formatted as a right page.

Formal syntax

auto | always | avoid | left | right


/* avoid page break before the div */
div.note { 
    page-break-before: avoid;


Specification Status Comment
CSS Paged Media Module Level 3
The definition of 'page-break-before' in that specification.
Working Draft Extends the element that this property applies to table rows and table row groups.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'page-break-before' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial specification.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (auto, always) 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 7.0 1.2 (125)
avoid, left, right 1.0 Not supported (bug 132035) 4.0 7.0 1.2 (125)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? 1.0 (1.0) ? ? ?
avoid, left, right ? Not supported (bug 132035) ? ? ?

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: Sebastianz,
Hide Sidebar