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When a paragraph is split over two pages in paged media, the widows CSS property defines the minimum number of lines that must be left at the top of the second page. In typography, a widow is the last line of a paragraph appearing alone at the top of a new page. Setting the widows property allows the prevention of single-line widows.

For non-paged media, like screen, the widows CSS property has no effect.

Initial value2
Applies toblock container elements
Mediavisual, paged
Computed valueas specified
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


/* <integer> values */
widows: 2;
widows: 3;

/* Global values */
widows: inherit;
widows: initial;
widows: unset;


Denotes the minimum number of lines that can stay alone on the top of a new page when a paragraph is split. If the value is not positive, the declaration is invalid.

Formal syntax



p {
  widows: 3;


Specification Status Comment
CSS Fragmentation Module Level 3
The definition of 'widows' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Extends widows to apply to any type of fragment, like pages, regions or columns.
CSS Multi-column Layout Module
The definition of 'widows' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Recommend to consider widows in relation with columns
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'widows' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser Compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 25 No support 8 9.2 No support
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support No support ? ? No support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: morenoh149,