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The :disabled CSS pseudo-class represents any disabled element. An element is disabled if it can't be activated (e.g. selected, clicked on or accept text input) or accept focus. The element also has an enabled state, in which it can be activated or accept focus.

/* Selects all text type inputs that are disabled */
input[type="text"]:disabled {
  background: #ccc;




The following CSS:

input[type="text"]:disabled { background: #ccc; }

Applied to this HTML5 fragment:

<form action="#">
    <legend>Shipping address</legend>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Name">
    <input type="text" placeholder="Address">
    <input type="text" placeholder="Zip Code">
  <fieldset id="billing">
    <legend>Billing address</legend>
    <label for="billing_is_shipping">Same as shipping address:</label>
    <input type="checkbox" onchange="javascript:toggleBilling()" checked>
    <br />
    <input type="text" placeholder="Name" disabled>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Address" disabled>
    <input type="text" placeholder="Zip Code" disabled>

With a little javascript:

function toggleBilling() {
  var billingItems = document.querySelectorAll('#billing input[type="text"]');
  for (var i = 0; i < billingItems.length; i++) {
    billingItems[i].disabled = !billingItems[i].disabled;

Will result in all disabled text elements in the billing fieldset having a light grey background.


Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':disabled' in that specification.
Living Standard No change
The definition of ':disabled' in that specification.
Recommendation Defines the semantic regarding HTML and forms.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':disabled' in that specification.
Working Draft No change
CSS Basic User Interface Module Level 3
The definition of ':disabled' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Reference to Selectors Level 3
Selectors Level 3
The definition of ':disabled' in that specification.
Recommendation Defines the pseudo-class, but not the associated semantic.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 9.0[1] 9.0 3.1
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 2.1 (Yes) 1.0 (1) 9.0 9.5 3.1

[1] Internet Explorer does not recognize :disabled on the <fieldset> element.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: mfluehr,