The @page CSS at-rule is used to modify some CSS properties when printing a document.


@page {
  margin: 1cm;

@page :first {
  margin: 2cm;


Specifies the target size and orientation of the page box’s containing block. In the general case, where one page box is rendered onto one page sheet, it also indicates the size of the destination page sheet.


You can't change all CSS properties with @page. You can only change the margins, orphans, widows, and page breaks of the document. Attempts to change any other CSS properties will be ignored.

The @page at-rule can be accessed via the CSS object model interface CSSPageRule.

Note: The W3C is discussing how to handle viewport-related <length> units, vh, vw, vmin, and vmax. Meanwhile do not use them within a @page at-rule.

Formal syntax

@page <page-selector-list> {

<page-selector-list> = [ <page-selector># ]?
<page-body> = <declaration>? [ ; <page-body> ]? | <page-margin-box> <page-body>

<page-selector> = <pseudo-page>+ | <ident> <pseudo-page>*
<page-margin-box> = <page-margin-box-type> '{' <declaration-list> '}'

<pseudo-page> = : [ left | right | first | blank ]
<page-margin-box-type> = @top-left-corner | @top-left | @top-center | @top-right | @top-right-corner | @bottom-left-corner | @bottom-left | @bottom-center | @bottom-right | @bottom-right-corner | @left-top | @left-middle | @left-bottom | @right-top | @right-middle | @right-bottom


@page pseudo-class examples

Please refer to the various pseudo-classes of @page for examples.


Specification Status Comment
CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1
The definition of ':recto and :verso' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Adds the :recto and :verso page selectors
CSS Paged Media Module Level 3
The definition of '@page' in that specification.
Working Draft No change from CSS Level 2 (Revision 1), though more CSS at-rules can be used inside a @page.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of '@page' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also