The font-variant-caps CSS property controls the usage of alternate glyphs for capital letters.

font-variant-caps: normal;
font-variant-caps: small-caps;
font-variant-caps: all-small-caps;
font-variant-caps: petite-caps;
font-variant-caps: all-petite-caps;
font-variant-caps: unicase;
font-variant-caps: titling-caps;

/* Global values */
font-variant-caps: inherit;
font-variant-caps: initial;
font-variant-caps: unset;

Scripts can have capital letter glyphs of different sizes, the normal uppercase glyphs, small capital glyphs, and petite capital glyphs. This property controls which alternate glyphs to use.

If petite capital glyphs are not present in the font, small capital glyphs are used. If these are not present, the browser synthesizes them from the uppercase glyphs. Note that some caseless characters, like punctuation marks, may have special glyphs: they are designed to better match the characters around them. Nevertheless, synthetic small capitals glyphs are never synthesized for caseless character.

The font-variant-caps values take into account language-specific case mapping rules, such as:
  • In Turkic languages, like Turkish (tr), Azerbaijani (az), Crimean Tatar (crh), Volga Tatar (tt), and Bashkir (ba), there are two kinds of i, with and without the dot, and two case pairings: i/İ and ı/I.
  • In German (de), the ß becomes SS in uppercase.
  • In Greek (el), vowels lose their accent when the whole word is in uppercase (ά/Α), except for the disjunctive eta (ή/Ή). Also, diphthongs with an accent on the first vowel lose the accent and gain a diacritic on the second vowel (άι/ΑΪ).

Initial valuenormal
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


The font-variant-caps property is specified using a single keyword value from the list below. In each case, if the font doesn't support the OpenType value, then it synthesizes the glyphs.


Deactivates of the use of alternate glyphs.
Enables display of small capitals (OpenType feature: smcp). Small-caps glyphs typically use the form of uppercase letters but are reduced to the size of lowercase letters.
Enables display of small capitals for both upper and lowercase letters (OpenType features: c2sc, smcp).
Enables display of petite capitals (OpenType feature: pcap).
Enables display of petite capitals for both upper and lowercase letters (OpenType features: c2pc, pcap).
Enables display of mixture of small capitals for uppercase letters with normal lowercase letters (OpenType feature: unic).
Enables display of titling capitals (OpenType feature: titl). Uppercase letter glyphs are often designed for use with lowercase letters. When used in all uppercase titling sequences they can appear too strong. Titling capitals are designed specifically for this situation.

Formal syntax

normal | small-caps | all-small-caps | petite-caps | all-petite-caps | unicase | titling-caps


<p class="small-caps">Firefox rocks, small caps!</p>
<p class="normal">Firefox rocks, normal caps!</p>
.small-caps {
  font-variant-caps: small-caps;
  font-style: italic;
.normal {
  font-variant-caps: normal;
  font-style: italic;



Specification Status Comment
CSS Fonts Module Level 3
The definition of 'font-variant-caps' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser Compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 52.0 34 (34) [1] ? 39 ?
Feature Android Android Webview Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile Chrome for Android
Basic support No support 52.0 34.0 (34)[1] ? 39 ? 52.0

[1] Experimental implementation was available since Gecko 24. It was governed by the preference layout.css.font-features.enabled defaulting to true on Nightly and Aurora only.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: chharvey,