The :out-of-range CSS pseudo-class represents an <input> element whose current value is outside the range limits specified by the min and max attributes.

/* Selects any <input>, but only when it has a range
   specified, and its value is outside that range */
input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
}

This pseudo-class is useful for giving the user a visual indication that a field's current value is outside the permitted limits.

Note: This pseudo-class only applies to elements that have (and can take) a range limitation. In the absence of such a limitation, the element can neither be "in-range" nor "out-of-range."

Syntax

:out-of-range

Example

HTML

<form action="" id="form1">
  <ul>Values between 1 and 10 are valid.
    <li>
      <input id="value1" name="value1" type="number" placeholder="1 to 10" min="1" max="10" value="12">
      <label for="value1">Your value is </label>
    </li>
  </ul>
</form>

CSS

li {
  list-style: none;
  margin-bottom: 1em;
}

input {
  border: 1px solid black;
}

input:in-range {
  background-color: rgba(0, 255, 0, 0.25);
}

input:out-of-range {
  background-color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.25);
  border: 2px solid red;
}

input:in-range + label::after {
  content: 'okay.';
}

input:out-of-range + label::after {
  content: 'out of range!';
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
HTML Living Standard
The definition of ':out-of-range' in that specification.
Living Standard Defines when :out-of-range matches elements in HTML.
Selectors Level 4
The definition of ':out-of-range' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Support on <input> 10.0 (Yes) 29.0 (29.0) No support 11.0 5.2
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Support on <input> 2.3 (Yes) 16.0 (16.0) No support (Yes) (Yes)

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: mfluehr, chrisdavidmills, erikadoyle, Sebastianz, cvrebert, FredB
 Last updated by: mfluehr,