The border-spacing CSS property specifies the distance between the borders of adjacent table cells (only for the separated borders model). This is equivalent to the cellspacing attribute in presentational HTML, but an optional second value can be used to set different horizontal and vertical spacing.

The border-spacing value is also used along the outside edge of the table, where the distance between the table's border and the cells in the first/last column or row is the sum of the relevant (horizontal or vertical) border-spacing and the relevant (top, right, bottom, or left) padding on the table.

This property applies only when border-collapse is separate.

Initial value0
Applies totable and inline-table elements
Computed valuetwo absolute lengths
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


/* border-spacing: length */
border-spacing: 2px;

/* border-spacing: horizontal vertical */
border-spacing: 1% 2em;

border-spacing: inherit;


Is a <length> value that describes both the horizontal and vertical spacings between cells. It is used only in the one-value syntax.
Is a <length> value that describes the horizontal spacing between cells, that is the space between cells in adjacent columns. It is used only in the two-value syntax.
Is a <length> value that describes the vertical spacing between cells, that is the space between cells in adjacent rows. It is used only in the two-value syntax.
Is a keyword indicating that the calculated value of border-spacing of the parent's element must be used.

Formal syntax

<length> <length>?


View Live Examples

table { border-spacing: 10px 5px; }


Specification Status Comment
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'border-spacing' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support 1.0 (Yes) 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 8.0 4.0 1.0 (85)
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support ? (Yes) 1.0 (1.9.2) ? ? ?

Document Tags and Contributors

 Last updated by: erikadoyle,