The font-variant-ligatures CSS property controls which ligatures and contextual forms are used in textual content of the elements it applies to. This leads to more harmonized forms in the resulting text.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
font-variant-ligatures: normal;
font-variant-ligatures: none;
font-variant-ligatures: common-ligatures;           /* <common-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: no-common-ligatures;        /* <common-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: discretionary-ligatures;    /* <discretionary-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: no-discretionary-ligatures; /* <discretionary-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: historical-ligatures;       /* <historical-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: no-historical-ligatures;    /* <historical-lig-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: contextual;                 /* <contextual-alt-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: no-contextual;              /* <contextual-alt-values> */
font-variant-ligatures: contextual;                 /* <no-historical-ligatures> <common-ligatures> */

/* Global values */
font-variant-ligatures: inherit;
font-variant-ligatures: initial;
font-variant-ligatures: unset;

The font-variant-ligatures property is specified as one of the keyword values listed below.

Values

normal
This keyword leads to the activation of the usual ligatures and contextual forms needed for correct rendering. The ligatures and forms activated depend on the font, language and kind of script. This is the default value.
none
This keyword specifies that all ligatures and contextual forms are disabled, even common ones.
<common-lig-values>
These values control the most common ligatures, like for fi, ffi, th or similar. They correspond to the OpenType values liga and clig. Two values are possible:
  • common-ligatures activating these ligatures. Note that the keyword normal activates these ligatures.
  • no-common-ligatures deactivating these ligatures.
<discretionary-lig-values>
These values control specific ligatures, specific to the font and defined by the type designer. They correspond to the OpenType values dlig. Two values are possible:
  • discretionary-ligatures activating these ligatures.
  • no-discretionary-ligatures deactivating the ligatures. Note that the keyword normal usually deactivates these ligatures.
<historical-lig-values>
These values control the ligatures used historically, in old books, like the German tz digraph being displayed ß. They correspond to the OpenType values hlig. Two values are possible:
  • historical-ligatures activating these ligatures.
  • no-historical-ligatures deactivating the ligatures. Note that the keyword normal usually deactivates these ligatures.
<contextual-alt-values>
These values control whether letters adapt to their context—that is, whether they adapt to the surrounding letters. These values correspond to the OpenType values calt. Two values are possible:
  • contextual specifies that the contextual alternates are to be used. Note that the keyword normal usually activates these ligatures too.
  • no-contextual prevents their use.

Formal syntax

normal | none | [ <common-lig-values> || <discretionary-lig-values> || <historical-lig-values> || <contextual-alt-values> ]

where
<common-lig-values> = [ common-ligatures | no-common-ligatures ]
<discretionary-lig-values> = [ discretionary-ligatures | no-discretionary-ligatures ]
<historical-lig-values> = [ historical-ligatures | no-historical-ligatures ]
<contextual-alt-values> = [ contextual | no-contextual ]

Examples

p {
  font-variant-ligatures: none;
}

HTML

<p>Hello there</p>

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Fonts Module Level 3
The definition of 'font-variant-ligatures' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Initial valuenormal
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderorder of appearance in the formal grammar of the values

Browser Compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 34
Full support 34
Full support 31
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Edge No support NoFirefox Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 24 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 24 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.font-features.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
IE No support NoOpera Full support 21
Full support 21
Full support 19
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Safari Full support 9.1
Full support 9.1
Full support 7
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
WebView Android Full support 37
Full support 37
Full support 4.4
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Chrome Android Full support 34Edge Mobile No support NoFirefox Android Full support 34
Full support 34
No support 24 — 34
Disabled
Disabled From version 24 until version 34 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.font-features.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
Opera Android Full support 21Safari iOS Full support Yes
Full support Yes
Full support 7
Prefixed
Prefixed Requires the vendor prefix: -webkit-
Samsung Internet Android Full support Yes

Legend

Full support  
Full support
No support  
No support
User must explicitly enable this feature.
User must explicitly enable this feature.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.
Requires a vendor prefix or different name for use.

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: mfuji09,