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    :active

    Summary

    The :active CSS pseudo-class matches when an element is being activated by the user. It allows the page to give a feedback that the activation has been detected by the browser. When interacting with a mouse, this is typically the time between the user presses the mouse button and releases it. The :active pseudo-class is also typically matched when using the keyboard tab key. It is frequently used on <a> and <button> HTML elements, but may not be limited to just those.

    This style may be overridden by any other link-related pseudo-classes, that is :link, :hover, and :visited, appearing in subsequent rules. In order to style the appropriate links, you need to put the :active rule after all the other link-related rules, as defined by the LVHA-order: :link:visited:hover:active.

    Note: On systems with multi-button mice, CSS 3 specifies that the :active pseudo-class must only apply to the primary button; on right-handed mice, this is typically the leftmost button.

    Example

    HTML

    <body>
        <h1>:active CSS selector example</h1>
        <p>The following link will turn lime during the time you click it and release the click: <a href="#">Mozilla Developer Network</a>.</p>
    </body>

    CSS

    body { background-color: #ffffc9 }
    a:link { color: blue } /* unvisited links */
    a:visited { color: purple } /* visited links */
    a:hover { font-weight: bold } /* user hovers */
    a:active { color: lime } /* active links */

    Specifications

    Specification Status Comment
    Selectors Level 4
    The definition of ':active' in that specification.
    Working Draft No change.
    Selectors Level 3
    The definition of ':active' in that specification.
    Recommendation No change.
    CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
    The definition of ':active' in that specification.
    Recommendation No change.
    CSS Level 1
    The definition of ':active' in that specification.
    Recommendation Initial definition.

    Browser compatibility

    Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
    Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 4.0 5.0 1.0
    Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.7 or earlier) 8.0 7.0 ?
    Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
    Support on the <a> element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 6.0 6.0 1.0
    Support on any element 1.0 1.0 (1.0) ? ? (Yes) [1]

    [1] By default, Safari Mobile does not use the :active state unless there is a touchstart event handler on the relevant element or on the <body>.

    See also

    Document Tags and Contributors

    Contributors to this page:
    Last updated by: teoli,