The empty-cells CSS property sets whether borders and backgrounds appear around <table> cells that have no visible content.

This property has an effect only when the border-collapse property is separate.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
empty-cells: show;
empty-cells: hide;

/* Global values */
empty-cells: inherit;
empty-cells: initial;
empty-cells: unset;

The empty-cells property is specified as one of the keyword values listed below.

Values

show
Borders and backgrounds are drawn like in normal cells.
hide
No borders or backgrounds are drawn.

Formal syntax

show | hide

Example

HTML

<table class="table_1">
  <tr>
    <td>Moe</td>
    <td>Larry</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Curly</td>
    <td></td>
  </tr>
</table>
<br>
<table class="table_2">
  <tr>
    <td>Moe</td>
    <td>Larry</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Curly</td>
    <td></td>
  </tr>
</table>

CSS

.table_1 {
  empty-cells: show;
}

.table_2 {
  empty-cells: hide;
}

td,
th {
  border: 1px solid gray;
  padding: 0.5rem;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'empty-cells' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Initial valueshow
Applies totable-cell elements
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge MobileFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
Basic supportChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 1IE Full support 8Opera Full support 4Safari Full support 1.2WebView Android Full support 1Chrome Android ? Edge Mobile Full support YesFirefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support 6Safari iOS Full support 3.1Samsung Internet Android ?

Legend

Full support  
Full support
Compatibility unknown  
Compatibility unknown

Document Tags and Contributors

Last updated by: ddbeck,