The translate3d() CSS function repositions an element in 3D space. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

This transformation is characterized by a three-dimensional vector. Its coordinates define how much the element moves in each direction.

Syntax

translate3d(tx, ty, tz)

Values

tx
Is a <length> representing the abscissa of the translating vector.
ty
Is a <length> representing the ordinate of the translating vector.
tz
Is a <length> representing the z component of the translating vector. It can't be a <percentage> value; in that case the property containing the transform is considered invalid.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3

This transformation applies to the 3D space and can't be represented on the plane.

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ3 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix. 100tx010ty001tz0001

Examples

Using a single axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  /* Equivalent to perspective(500px) translateX(10px) */
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 0px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Combining z-axis and x-axis translation

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: perspective(500px) translate3d(10px, 0, 100px);
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Browser compatibility

Please see the <transform-function> data type for compatibility info.

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: mfluehr, Sebastianz, mrstork, SphinxKnight
 Last updated by: mfluehr,