Summary

The break-inside CSS property describes how the page, column or region break inside the generated box. If there is no generated box, the property is ignored.

Each possible break point, that is each element boundary, is under the influence of three properties, the break-after value of the previous element, the break-before value of the next element and the break-inside of the containing element.

To define if a break must be done, the following rules are applied:

  1. If any of the three concerned values is a forced break value, that is always, left, right, page, column or region, it has precedence. If several of the concerned values is such a break, the one of the element that appears the latest in the flow is taken (that is the break-before value has precedence over the break-after value, which itself has precedence over the break-inside value).
  2. If any of the three concerned values is an avoid break value, that is avoid, avoid-page, avoid-region, avoid-column, no such break will be applied at that point.

Once forced breaks have been applied, soft breaks may be added if needed, but not on element boundaries that resolve in a corresponding avoid value.

Initial valueauto
Applies toblock-level elements
Inheritedno
Mediapaged
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

break-inside: auto;
break-inside: avoid;
break-inside: avoid-page;
break-inside: avoid-column;
break-inside: avoid-region;

Values

auto
Allows, meaning neither forbid nor force, any break (either page, column or region) to be be inserted within the principle box.
avoid-page
Avoid any page break within the principle box.
avoid-column
Avoid any column break within the principle box.
avoid-region
Avoid any region break within the principle box.

Formal syntax

auto | avoid | avoid-page | avoid-column | avoid-region

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Fragmentation Module Level 3
The definition of 'break-inside' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation  
CSS Regions Module Level 1
The definition of 'break-inside' in that specification.
Working Draft Extends the property to handle region breaks.
CSS Multi-column Layout Module
The definition of 'break-inside' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support No support [*] (Yes) No support 10 11.10 No support [*]
column, avoid-column No support [*] ? No support 10 11.10 No support [*]
recto, verso No support ? No support No support No support No support
region, avoid-region No support [*] ? No support No support No support No support [*]
Feature Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support No support [*] (Yes) No support ? ? No support [*]
column, avoid-column No support [*] ? No support ? ? No support [*]
recto, verso No support ? No support No support No support No support
region, avoid-region No support [*] ? No support No support No support No support[*]

[*] WebKit and Blink browsers don't support this property, but some have the non-standard -webkit-column-break-before and -webkit-region-break-before with similar parameters as page-break-before.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: erikadoyle, Sebastianz, fscholz, jsx, teoli, Fredchat, clagnut
 Last updated by: erikadoyle,