The counter-increment CSS property can be used to increase or decrease the value of the named CSS counters by the specified values, or to prevent all counters or an individual counter's value from being changed.

If a named counter in the list of space-separated counters and values doesn't exist, it will be created. If no value is provided for a counter in the list of counters, the counter will be increased by 1.

The counter's value can be reset to any integer value with the counter-reset CSS property.

Try it


/* Increases "my-counter" by 1 */
counter-increment: my-counter;

/* Decreases "my-counter" by 1 */
counter-increment: my-counter -1;

/* Increases "counter1" by 1 and decreases "counter2" by 4 */
counter-increment: counter1 counter2 -4;

/* Increases "page" by 1, "section" by 2, while "chapter" doesn't change */
counter-increment: chapter 0 section 2 page;

/* Do not increment/decrement anything: used to override less specific rules */
counter-increment: none;

/* Global values */
counter-increment: inherit;
counter-increment: initial;
counter-increment: revert;
counter-increment: revert-layer;
counter-increment: unset;


The counter-increment property takes as its value either a list of space-separated counter names specified as <custom-ident> with an optional <integer> value or the keyword none. You may specify as many counters to increment as you want, with each name or name-number pair separated by a space.


Specifies the name of the counter to increase or decrease.


Specifies the value to add to the counter. If the integer is preceded by a - sign, the value will be subtracted from the counter. Defaults to 1 if no value is specified.


Indicates that no counter must be increased or decreased. This value can also be used to cancel all counters from being increased or decreased in more specific rules. This is the default value of the property.

Note: Using the none value prevents all counters from being increased or decreased for the selected elements where this rule applies. To prevent only specific counters from being increased or decreased, set the integer value as 0 on the relevant counter(s).

Formal definition

Initial valuenone
Applies toall elements
Computed valueas specified
Animation typeby computed value type

Formal syntax

counter-increment = 
[ <counter-name> <integer>? ]+ |


Decreasing the counter value

In this example, we display a sequence of numbers counting backward. To do this, we use a counter to display numbers starting from 100 and decreasing by 7 each time.


  <i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i> <i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i
  ><i></i><i></i><i></i> <i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i><i></i>


We set the initial value of the counter named sevens to 100 by using counter-reset. Then, for each <i>, we decrease the counter by 7.

To set the first count at 100, we target the first <i> element by using the :first-of-type pseudo-class and setting counter-increment: none;. Additionally, the content property is used in the ::before pseudo-element to display the value of the counter using the counter() function.

div {
  counter-reset: sevens 100;
i {
  counter-increment: sevens -7;
i:first-of-type {
  counter-increment: none;
i::before {
  content: counter(sevens);


Had we not used counter-reset (or counter-set) to create the counter and set the value to 100, the sevens counter would still have been created, but with an initial value 0.


CSS Lists and Counters Module Level 3
# increment-set

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also