The matrix() CSS function specifies a homogeneous 2D transformation matrix comprised of the specified six values. The constant values of such matrices are implied and not passed as parameters; the other parameters are described in the column-major order.

matrix(a, b, c, d, tx, ty) is a shorthand for matrix3d(a, b, 0, 0, c, d, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, tx, ty, 0, 1).

Note: Until Firefox 16, Gecko accepted a <length> value for tx and ty.


matrix(a, b, c, d, tx, ty)


a b c d
Are <number> describing the linear transformation.
tx ty
Are <number> describing the translation to apply.
Cartesian coordinates on ℝ2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ3
ac bd actybdtx001 actybdtx001 ac0txbd0ty00100001
[a b c d tx ty]



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