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The color CSS property sets the foreground color value of an element's text content and text decorations. It also sets the currentcolor value, which may be used as an indirect value on other properties, and is the default for other color properties, such as border-color.

For an overview of using color in HTML, see Applying color to HTML elements using CSS.

Syntax

/* Keyword values */
color: currentcolor;

/* <named-color> values */
color: red;
color: orange;
color: tan;
color: rebeccapurple;

/* <hex-color> values */
color: #090;
color: #009900;
color: #090a;
color: #009900aa;

/* <rgb()> values */
color: rgb(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgba(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgb(34 12 64 / 0.6);
color: rgba(34 12 64 / 0.3);
color: rgb(34.0 12 64 / 60%);
color: rgba(34.6 12 64 / 30%);

/* <hsl()> values */
color: hsl(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsla(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsl(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsla(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsl(30.0 100% 50% / 60%);
color: hsla(30.2 100% 50% / 60%);

/* Global values */
color: inherit;
color: initial;
color: unset;

The color property is specified as a single <color> value.

Note that the value must be a uniform color. It can't be a <gradient>, which is actually a type of <image>.

Values

<color>
Sets the color of the textual and decorative parts of the element.

Formal syntax

<color>

where
<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

where
<rgb()> = rgb( [ [ <percentage>{3} | <number>{3} ] [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ [ <percentage>#{3} | <number>#{3} ] , <alpha-value>? ] )
<rgba()> = rgba( [ [ <percentage>{3} | <number>{3} ] [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ [ <percentage>#{3} | <number>#{3} ] , <alpha-value>? ] )
<hsl()> = hsl( [ <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? ] )
<hsla()> = hsla( [ <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? ] )

where
<alpha-value> = <number> | <percentage>
<hue> = <number> | <angle>

Examples

The following are all ways to make a paragraph's text red:

p { color: red; }
p { color: #f00; }
p { color: #ff0000; }
p { color: rgb(255,0,0); }
p { color: rgb(100%, 0%, 0%); }
p { color: hsl(0, 100%, 50%); }

/* 50% translucent */
p { color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.5); } 
p { color: hsla(0, 100%, 50%, 0.5); }

Accessibility concerns

It is important to ensure that the contrast ratio between the color of the text and the background the text is placed over is high enough that people experiencing low vision conditions will be able to read the content of the page.

Color contrast ratio is determined by comparing the luminosity of the text and background color values. In order to meet current Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG), a ratio of 4.5:1 is required for text content and 3:1 for larger text such as headings. Large text is defined as 18.66px and bold or larger, or 24px or larger.

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Color Module Level 4
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Adds commaless syntaxes for the rgb(), rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions. Allows alpha values in rgb() and hsl(), turning rgba() and hsla() into (deprecated) aliases for them.
Adds color keyword rebeccapurple.
Adds 4- and 8-digit hex color values, where the last digit(s) represents the alpha value.
Adds hwb()device-cmyk(), and color() functions.
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines color as animatable.
CSS Color Module Level 3
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Deprecates system-colors. Adds SVG colors. Adds the rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Adds the orange color and the system colors.
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.
Initial valueVaries from one browser to another
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueIf the value is translucent, the computed value will be the rgba() corresponding one. If it isn't, it will be the rgb() corresponding one. The transparent keyword maps to rgba(0,0,0,0).
Animation typea color
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Browser compatibility

FeatureChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafari
Basic support1121 Yes Yes Yes
Keyword color values1121313.51
RGB hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBB, #RGB)112133.51
RGB functional notation (rgb())112143.51
HSL color values (hsl())112199.53.1
Alpha color values (rgba(), hsla())11239103.1
currentcolor1 ?1.599.54
transparent1 ?39103.1
rebeccapurple38 ?331125 Yes
RGBA hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBBAA, #RGBA)

63

522

No49 ?3939.1
Space-separated functional color notations65 ?52 ?52 ?
Allow floats in rgb() and rgba()66 ?52 ?53 ?
FeatureAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidEdge mobileFirefox for AndroidOpera AndroidiOS SafariSamsung Internet
Basic support11124 Yes Yes Yes
Keyword color values Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RGB hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBB, #RGB) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
RGB functional notation (rgb()) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
HSL color values (hsl()) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Alpha color values (rgba(), hsla()) Yes Yes Yes4 Yes Yes Yes
currentcolor ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
transparent ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
rebeccapurple Yes ? ?33 ?8 ?
RGBA hexadecimal notation (#RRGGBBAA, #RGBA) ? ? No ? No ? ?
Space-separated functional color notations6565 ?5252 ? ?
Allow floats in rgb() and rgba()6666 ?5253 ? ?

1. Internet Explorer 8 and later support gray color keywords spelled with an e (grey, darkgrey, darkslategrey, dimgrey, lightgrey, and lightslategrey). Internet Explorer 3 to Internet Explorer 7 only support the keywords spelled with a (gray, darkgray, darkslategray, dimgray, lightgray, and lightslategray).

2. From version 52: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference. To change preferences in Chrome, visit chrome://flags.

3. From version 39: this feature is behind the Enable experimental Web Platform features preference.

See also