The color CSS property sets the foreground color value of an element's text content and text decorations. It also sets the currentcolor value, which may be used as an indirect value on other properties, and is the default for other color properties, such as border-color.

For an overview of using color in HTML, see Applying color to HTML elements using CSS.

/* Keyword values */
color: currentcolor;

/* <named-color> values */
color: red;
color: orange;
color: tan;
color: rebeccapurple;

/* <hex-color> values */
color: #090;
color: #009900;
color: #090a;
color: #009900aa;

/* <rgb()> values */
color: rgb(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgba(34, 12, 64, 0.6);
color: rgb(34 12 64 / 0.6);
color: rgba(34 12 64 / 0.3);

/* <hsl()> values */
color: hsl(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsla(30, 100%, 50%, 0.6);
color: hsl(30 100% 50% / 0.6);
color: hsla(30 100% 50% / 0.6);

/* Global values */
color: inherit;
color: initial;
color: unset;

Note that the value must be a uniform color. It can't be a <gradient>, which is actually a type of <image>.

Initial valueVaries from one browser to another
Applies toall elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inheritedyes
Mediavisual
Computed valueIf the value is translucent, the computed value will be the rgba() corresponding one. If it isn't, it will be the rgb() corresponding one. The transparent keyword maps to rgba(0,0,0,0).
Animation typea color
Canonical orderthe unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar

Syntax

The color property is specified as a single color value.

Values

<color>
Sets the color of the textual and decorative parts of the element.

Formal syntax

<color>

where
<color> = <rgb()> | <rgba()> | <hsl()> | <hsla()> | <hex-color> | <named-color> | currentcolor | <deprecated-system-color>

where
<rgb()> = rgb( [ [ <percentage>{3} | <number>{3} ] [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ [ <percentage>#{3} | <number>#{3} ] , <alpha-value>? ] )
<rgba()> = rgba( [ [ <percentage>{3} | <number>{3} ] [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ [ <percentage>#{3} | <number>#{3} ] , <alpha-value>? ] )
<hsl()> = hsl( [ <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? ] )
<hsla()> = hsla( [ <hue> <percentage> <percentage> [ / <alpha-value> ]? ] | [ <hue>, <percentage>, <percentage>, <alpha-value>? ] )

where
<alpha-value> = <number> | <percentage>
<hue> = <number> | <angle>

Examples

The following are all ways to make a paragraph's text red:

p { color: red; }
p { color: #f00; }
p { color: #ff0000; }
p { color: rgb(255,0,0); }
p { color: rgb(100%, 0%, 0%); }
p { color: hsl(0, 100%, 50%); }

/* 50% translucent */
p { color: rgba(255, 0, 0, 0.5); } 
p { color: hsla(0, 100%, 50%, 0.5); }

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
CSS Color Module Level 4
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Editor's Draft Adds commaless syntaxes for the rgb(), rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions. Allows alpha values in rgb() and hsl(), turning rgba() and hsla() into (deprecated) aliases for them.
Adds color keyword rebeccapurple.
Adds 4- and 8-digit hex color values, where the last digit(s) represents the alpha value.
Adds hwb()device-cmyk(), and color() functions.
CSS Transitions
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Working Draft Defines color as animatable.
CSS Color Module Level 3
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Deprecates system-colors. Adds SVG colors. Adds the rgba(), hsl(), and hsla() functions.
CSS Level 2 (Revision 1)
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Adds the orange color and the system colors.
CSS Level 1
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
keywords colors 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 3.0[1] 3.5 1.0 (85)
#RRGGBB, #RGB 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 3.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
rgb() 1.0 1.0 (1.0) 4.0 3.5 1.0 (85)
hsl() 1.0 1.0 (1.5) 9.0 9.5 3.1 (525)
rgba(), hsla() 1.0 3.0 (1.9) 9.0 10.0 3.1 (525)
currentcolor 1.0 1.5 (1.8) 9.0 9.5 4.0 (528)
transparent 1.0 3.0 (1.9) 9.0[2] 10.0 3.1 (525)
rebeccapurple 38.0 33 (33) 11 25.0 7.1
#RRGGBBAA, #RGBA 62.0[3] 49 (49) ? No support[4] 9.1
rgba() and hsla() as aliases of rgb() and hsl()
Space-separated function parameters rather than commas
Percentages for alpha values
Angles for the hue component in hsl() colors.
? 52 (52) ? ? ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
rgba(), hsla() (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
rebeccapurple (Yes) 33.0 (33) ? ? 8
#RRGGBBAA, #RGBA 62.0[3] 49.0 (49) No support No support ?
rgba() and hsla() as aliases of rgb() and hsl()
Space-separated function parameters rather than commas
Percentages for alpha values
Angles for the hue component in hsl() colors.
? 52.0 (52) ? ? ?

[1] The 'e'-grey colors (with an e) (grey, darkgrey, darkslategrey, dimgrey, lightgrey, and lightslategrey) are only supported since IE 8.0. IE 3 to IE 7 only support the 'a' variants: gray, darkgray, darkslategray, dimgray, lightgray, and lightslategray.

[2] IE 7-8 supports the transparent keyword only for background and border. color: transparent; is drawn black in IE. IE6 renders transparent borders as black, as well.

[3] This feature is supported since Chrome 52.0 behind the "Experimental Web Platform features" flag in chrome://flags. See Chromium bug 76362.

[4] This feature is supported Opera 39.0 behind the "Enable experimental Web Platform features" flag in chrome://flags.

See also