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This is an experimental technology
Because this technology's specification has not stabilized, check the compatibility table for usage in various browsers. Also note that the syntax and behavior of an experimental technology is subject to change in future versions of browsers as the specification changes.

CSS Transforms is a module of CSS that defines how elements styled with CSS can be transformed in two-dimensional or three-dimensional space.


CSS Properties


Using CSS transforms
Step-by-step tutorial about how to transform elements styled with CSS.


Specification Status Comment
CSS Transforms Level 1 Working Draft Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support

(Yes) -webkit

(Yes) 3.5 (1.9.1)-moz[1]
16.0 (16.0)[2]
3D Support 12.0-webkit
(Yes) 10.0-moz
16.0 (16.0)
10.0 15.0-webkit
Feature Android Chrome for Android Edge Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support 2.1-webkit[4] (Yes)-webkit (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
11.5-webkit 3.2 (Yes)-webkit
3D Support 3.0-webkit (Yes)-webkit (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) 22-webkit 3.2 (Yes)-webkit

[1] Gecko 14.0 removed the experimental support for skew(), but it was reintroduced in Gecko 15.0 for compatibility reasons. As it is non-standard and will likely be removed in the future, do not use it.

[2] Before Firefox 16, the translation values of matrix() and matrix3d() could be <length>, in addition to the standard <number>.

[3] Internet Explorer 5.5 or later supports a proprietary Matrix Filter which can be used to achieve a similar effect.

Internet Explorer 9.0 or earlier has no support for 3D transforms, mixing 3D and 2D transform functions. such as -ms-transform:rotate(10deg) translateZ(0); will prevent the entire property from being applied.

[4] Android 2.3 has a bug where input forms will "jump" when typing, if any container element has a -webkit-transform.

[5] Internet Explorer 11.0 supports the -webkit prefixed variant as an alias for the default one.

Document Tags and Contributors

 Contributors to this page: erikadoyle, Sebastianz, Prinz_Rana, teoli
 Last updated by: erikadoyle,