Warning: An embedded example at the bottom of this page has a scaling movement that may be problematic for some readers. Readers with vestibular motion disorders may wish to enable the reduce motion feature on their device before viewing the animation.

The prefers-reduced-motion CSS media feature is used to detect if a user has enabled a setting on their device to minimize the amount of non-essential motion. The setting is used to convey to the browser on the device that the user prefers an interface that removes, reduces, or replaces motion-based animations.

Such animations can trigger discomfort for those with vestibular motion disorders. Animations such as scaling or panning large objects can be vestibular motion triggers.

@media (prefers-reduced-motion) {
  /* styles to apply if a user's device settings are set to reduced motion */



Indicates that a user has made no preference known on the device. This keyword value evaluates as false.


Indicates that a user has enabled the setting on their device for reduced motion. This keyword value evaluates as true.

User preferences

For Firefox, the reduce request is honoured if:

  • In GTK/GNOME: Settings > Accessibility > Seeing > Reduced animation is turned on.
    • In older versions of GNOME, GNOME Tweaks > General tab (or Appearance, depending on version) > Animations is turned off.
    • Alternatively, add gtk-enable-animations = false to the [Settings] block of the GTK 3 configuration file.
  • In Plasma/KDE: System Settings > Workspace Behavior -> General Behavior > "Animation speed" is set all the way to right to "Instant".
  • In Windows 10: Settings > Ease of Access > Display > Show animations in Windows.
  • In Windows 11: Settings > Accessibility > Visual Effects > Animation Effects
  • In macOS: System Preferences > Accessibility > Display > Reduce motion.
  • In iOS: Settings > Accessibility > Motion.
  • In Android 9+: Settings > Accessibility > Remove animations.
  • In Firefox about:config: Add a number preference called ui.prefersReducedMotion and set its value to either 0 for full animation or to 1 to indicate a preference for reduced motion. Changes to this preference take effect immediately.


This example uses a scaling animation for the purpose of demonstrating prefers-reduced-motion. If you enable the setting for reducing motion in the accessibility preferences on your device, the prefers-reduced-motion media query will detect your preference and the CSS within the reduced motion rules, with the same specificity but coming later in the CSS source order, will take precedence. As a result, the animation on the box will tone down to the dissolve animation, which is a more muted animation that is not a vestibular motion trigger.

Toning down the animation scaling


<div class="animation">animated box</div>


.animation {
  animation: pulse 1s linear infinite both;
  background-color: purple;

/* Tone down the animation to avoid vestibular motion triggers. */
@media (prefers-reduced-motion) {
  .animation {
    animation: dissolve 4s linear infinite both;
    background-color: green;
    text-decoration: overline;


You can enable the setting for reducing motion on your device to view the change in animation scaling. This example uses the background color and the line over the text to visually highlight when the keyframe animation switches in response to the setting being enabled or disabled.


Media Queries Level 5
# prefers-reduced-motion

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also