The color CSS media feature can be used to test the number of bits per color component (red, green, blue) of the output device.

Syntax

The color feature is specified as an <integer> value that represents the number of bits per color component (red, green, blue) of the output device. If the device is not a color device, the value is zero. It is a range feature, meaning that you can also use the prefixed min-color and max-color variants to query minimum and maximum values, respectively.

Note: If the various color components are represented by different numbers of bits, the smallest number is used. For example, if a display uses 5 bits for blue and red and 6 bits for green, then the device is considered to use 5 bits per color component. If the device uses indexed colors, the minimum number of bits per color component in the color table is used.

See Applying color to HTML elements using CSS to learn more about using CSS to apply color to HTML.

Example

HTML

<p>This text should be black on non-color devices, red on devices with a low number of colors, and greenish on devices with a high number of colors.</p>

CSS

p {
  color: black;
}

/* Any color device */
@media (color) {
  p {
    color: red;
  }
}

/* Any color device with at least 8 bits per color component */
@media (min-color: 8) {
  p {
    color: #24ba13;
  }
}

Result

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
Media Queries Level 4
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation The value can now be negative, in which case it computes to false.
Media Queries
The definition of 'color' in that specification.
Recommendation Initial definition. The value must be nonnegative.

Browser compatibility

Update compatibility data on GitHub
DesktopMobile
ChromeEdgeFirefoxInternet ExplorerOperaSafariAndroid webviewChrome for AndroidFirefox for AndroidOpera for AndroidSafari on iOSSamsung Internet
color media featureChrome Full support 1Edge Full support 12Firefox Full support 2IE Full support 9Opera Full support YesSafari Full support 3WebView Android Full support YesChrome Android Full support 18Firefox Android Full support 4Opera Android Full support YesSafari iOS Full support 1Samsung Internet Android Full support 1.0

Legend

Full support  
Full support

See also

Document Tags and Contributors

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