Summary

The HTML Label Element (<label>) represents a caption for an item in a user interface. It can be associated with a control either by placing the control element inside the <label> element, or by using the for attribute. Such a control is called the labeled control of the label element.

Attributes

This element includes the global attributes.

accesskey HTML 4 HTML5
A shortcut key to access this element from the keyboard.
for
The ID of a labelable form-related element in the same document as the label element. The first such element in the document with an ID matching the value of the for attribute is the labeled control for this label element.
Note: A label element can have both a for attribute and a contained control element, as long as the for attribute points to the contained control element.
form HTML5
The form element that the label element is associated with (its form owner). If specified, the value of the attribute must be the ID of a <form> element in the same document. This attribute enables you to place label elements anywhere within a document, not just as descendants of their form elements.

Examples

Simple label example

<label>Click me <input type="text" name="username"></label>

Using the "for" attribute

<label for="username">Click me</label>
<input type="text" id="username" name="username">

Specifications

Specification Status Comment
WHATWG HTML Living Standard
The definition of '<label>' in that specification.
Living Standard  
HTML5
The definition of '<label>' in that specification.
Recommendation  
HTML 4.01 Specification
The definition of '<label>' in that specification.
Recommendation  

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Mobile Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

Notes

Click events in nested <label> elements

Starting with Gecko 8.0 (Firefox 8.0 / Thunderbird 8.0 / SeaMonkey 2.5), a bubbling click event triggers at most one <label>, and the synthetic click event cannot trigger additional <label>s. In Gecko, a click event will still bubble up past a <label>, while in WebKit or Internet Explorer the click event will stop at the <label>. The behavior prior to Gecko 8.0 (triggering multiple <label>s) caused Firefox to stop responding (see bug 646157).

See also