translateX()

The translateX() CSS function repositions an element horizontally on the 2D plane. Its result is a <transform-function> data type.

Note: translateX(tx) is equivalent to translate(tx, 0) or translate3d(tx, 0, 0).

Syntax

/* <length-percentage> values */
transform: translateX(200px);
transform: translateX(50%);

Values

<length-percentage>

Is a <length> or <percentage> representing the abscissa of the translating vector. A percentage value refers to the width of the reference box defined by the transform-box property.

Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^2 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^2 Cartesian coordinates on ℝ^3 Homogeneous coordinates on ℝℙ^3

A translation is not a linear transformation in ℝ^2 and can't be represented using a Cartesian-coordinate matrix.

1 0 t 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 t 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 t 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
[1 0 0 1 t 0]

Formal syntax

translateX(<length-percentage>)

Examples

HTML

<div>Static</div>
<div class="moved">Moved</div>
<div>Static</div>

CSS

div {
  width: 60px;
  height: 60px;
  background-color: skyblue;
}

.moved {
  transform: translateX(10px); /* Equal to translate(10px) */
  background-color: pink;
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
CSS Transforms Module Level 1 (CSS Transforms 1)
# funcdef-transform-translatex

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also