aspect-ratio

The aspect-ratio CSS media feature can be used to test the aspect ratio of the viewport.

Syntax

The aspect-ratio feature is specified as a <ratio> value representing the width-to-height aspect ratio of the viewport. It is a range feature, meaning you can also use the prefixed min-aspect-ratio and max-aspect-ratio variants to query minimum and maximum values, respectively.

Examples

The example below is contained in an <iframe>, which creates its own viewport. Resize the <iframe> to see aspect-ratio in action.

Note that, when none of the media query conditions are true, the background will turn white because none of the below rules will be applied to the <div> inside the <iframe>. See if you can find which width and height values trigger this!

HTML

<div id='inner'>
  Watch this element as you resize your viewport's width and height.
</div>

CSS

/* Minimum aspect ratio */
@media (min-aspect-ratio: 8/5) {
  div {
    background: #9af; /* blue */
  }
}

/* Maximum aspect ratio */
@media (max-aspect-ratio: 3/2) {
  div {
    background: #9ff;  /* cyan */
  }
}

/* Exact aspect ratio, put it at the bottom to avoid override*/
@media (aspect-ratio: 1/1) {
  div {
    background: #f9a; /* red */
  }
}

CSS

iframe{
  display:block;
}

JavaScript

outer.style.width=outer.style.height="165px"

w.onchange=w.oninput=function(){
  outer.style.width=w.value+"px"
  wf.textContent="width:"+w.value
}
h.onchange=h.oninput=function(){
  outer.style.height=h.value+"px"
  hf.textContent="height:"+h.value
}

Result

Specifications

Specification
Media Queries Level 4 (Media Queries 4)
# aspect-ratio

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also